Auschwitz Tour From Krakow

The Most Amazing Way to Travel - Auschwitz Salt Mine Trips, A Day

Following the defeat of the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had tried to repel the German invasion, the city of Oswiecim along with the surrounding areas were incorporated inside Third Reich. At the same time its name was changed to Auschwitz. After 1939, with the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), thinking about establishing a concentration camp had also been proposed. A state justification just for this plan was based on the overcrowding with the existing prisons in Silesia, as well as on involve conducting further waves of mass arrest on the list of Polish inhabitants each Silesia as well as the most German-occupied Poland.
Several special committees were convened, whose task it had been to consider one of the most favorable place for this kind of camp. The supreme choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated some distance out of the piled up part of the town, they may very easily be expanded and isolated from the outside world. Take into consideration not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim - an import and railway junction - inside existing communications network.
An order to proceed with intends to found a camp was handed in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the first political prisoners to KL Auschwitz - 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camp ground comprised 20 buildings - 14 at ground level and 6 by having an upper floor. Throughout the period from 1941 to 1942 an additional story was added to all ground-floor buildings and eight new blocks were constructed, while using prisoners because the employees. Altogether the camping ground now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The common number of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) a record total of 20.000 people. These were accommodated inside the blocks, where even the cellares and lofts had been for this specific purpose.
As the quantity of inmates increased, the region covered by the camp also, grew, until it turned out transformed into a gigantic and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim - KL Auschwitz I - took over as parent or "Stammlager" with a whole generation of recent camps. In 1941 the construction of an extra camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced in the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away as well as in 1942 the camping ground in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established for the territory in the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, in the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches with the Auschwitz complex came into being these fell underneath the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly in the vicinity of steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.
Big picture
The camping ground in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) and in Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II - Birkenau) are maintained as museums ready to accept the population. The most important constructions and objects in Birkenau include the remnants of four crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected in addition to a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz this kind of construction could be the "Death block."
Furthermore both in camps are very preserved blocks and a section of prisoners barracks, the primary entrance gates towards the camps, sentry watch towers in addition to barbed wire fences. A few of the constructions destroyed with the Nazis were rebuilt from the original elements - for example the ovens within the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed with the SS obliterating the traces of the crimes. In the cases of special importance the constructions were reproduced from the museum and put in the identical area since they were throughout the presence of the Auschwitz camp. Above all these are the basic "Death wall" and the collective gallows at the role-call ground.
The prison blocks within the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying the history of Auschwitz or tracing the torments of the numerous nations whose everyone was murdered here. Across the main gate at Auschwitz - by which the prisoners passed every day en route to work (returning 12 hours or higher later) there is a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). and also on the little square from the kitchen the camping ground orchestra would play marsches, mustering the thousands of prisoners so they might be counted better with the SS.
That is a short specifics of a camp and what you'll expect when you are there.
Salt Mine in Wieliczka is another part tours in one day.
Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the days with the Ancient. It one of many world's oldest salt mine on earth. This is actually the only mining facility on the globe functioning continuously because the Middle Ages to the current, allowing the evolution of mining technology in numerous historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is approximately 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the first that - the degree of Bono - travels to a depth of 64 meters, as the latter lies 327 meters underneath the surface. Total length of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, consists of 20 chambers at depths from 64 to 135 meters.
To learn more about Auschwitz tour from Krakow have a look at this popular web site.