Wood Buffalo National Park

Effects of Climate Change

Intro to Wood Buffalo National Park


Date Established: 1922

Why it was Established: The park was established to protect the last remaining herd of bison in Northern Canada.

The Location: Alberta and Northwest Territories 58.62°N 112.95°W

Size of the park: 44.802 Km

Ecozone: Boreal & Taiga

Important Features of the Park

The Projected Climate Change (Temperature)

  • Spring positive 1-5°C
  • Summer Positive 0-3°C
  • Fall positive 1-6°C
  • Winter positive 3-6°C

Projected Climate Change (Precipitation)

  • Spring +2-31%
  • Summer - 8- +23%
  • Fall +7-27%
  • Winter -11- +14%

The Impact of Climate Change on the Park

1st Predicted Change to the Park

There will be a increase in the water availability or a decrease.

It is predicted to increase the amount of runoff in the area by 16% and could alter how the different wetland species of plant contribute to the ecosystem.

2nd Predicted Change to the Park

The habitats in the area would disappear and vegetation in the area would sprout.

Species that are used to the cold would disappear because of the rising temperature then non-native animals used to warm climates would start to inhabit the park. In vegetation's case its suggested that there would be a sudden growth in trees and vegetation in the park.

3rd Predicted Change to the Park

The soils function and its formation would change.

Because of the rapid climate change the soil would lag behind and adapt a lot slower witch would effect how fast the vegetation migrates because of the increasing climate in the region.