Nepal

By Griffin Eaker

Society

In Nepal there are 29 million total people, evenly distributed between men and women. Nepal is landlocked by India on three sides with Tibet on the fourth side. The altitude goes from 94 feet in the tropical plain up to the highest mountain on Earth, Mount Everest at 29 thousand feet.

Culture

Religion in nepal is a bit spread across the board, the three major religions are: Hindu(80.62%), Buddhist(10.74%), and Islam(4.20%). Until the monarchy was dissolved in 2008, Nepal was the only country to have Hindu as its official state religion. It is now officially secular.


The women's clothes are very colorful and long with the end of the dress touching the ground.


The Nepalese celebrate most Hindu and Buddhist holidays.

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Historical Information

Nepal has been influenced by their position in the Himalayas and its neighbors India and China.


Wars through the 18th and 19th centuries against China and India for independence and territorial gain resulted in great periods political instability. Central Nepal was split into three kingdoms from the 15th century until the 18th century, when it was unified under the Shah monarchy.


The mid-20th century began a period of becoming more democratic but the country remained politically unstable under the monarchy.


Economic problems in the 1980's eventually led to a civil war from 1996 to 2006 between the government and the communist party.


In 2008, the monarchy was replaced by a parliamentary government.

Government

The kingdom of Nepal was formed in 1778 and existed until the end of the Nepalese monarchy in 2008. Since then, Nepal is a Constitutional Parliamentary government. The head of state is the President but that is only a ceremonial role since the prime minister actually runs the government.
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