A mammograms is an x-ray picture of the breast. Mammograms are to check women for breast cancer. There are two types of mammograms. The first type is called a screening mammogram and that is when there are no signs that a women has breast cancer. The second type is called a diagnostic mammogram and that is when the women have a lump and symptoms of breast cancer. Women should start getting mammograms between the ages of 50 and 75 on a regular basis. To prevent from having breast cancer you need to; Limit alcohol, Stay active, Don't smoke, and control your weight.
A pap smear is a medical test that helps doctors figure out if there are any problems with a girl's cervix. A pap smear can identify infections and other problems, including abnormal cells that may develop into cancer if they are not treated. Teen girls shouldn't get pap smears unless the doctor thinks something is wrong. But once the girl turns 21 she should start having pap smears regularly. Women in there 20s with normal results from pap smears should get tested ever 3 years. But some women might need to have it more often.
The testicular self-examination is an easy way for guys to check their own testicles to make sure there aren't any unusual lumps or bumps. Testicular cancer is rare in teenagers. But it is overall most common in males between 15 and 35. Men should do a TSE every month so it is easier to tell if something is wrong. Testicular cancer is almost always curable if caught early. There is no way to prevent against testicular cancer all you can do is check regularly.
Prostate exams look for prostate cancer. Prostate screening can help identify cancer early on when treatment is the most effective. Men who should get this should be between the ages of 40 and 70 and also in men with increased risk of prostate cancer. There are no known causes of prostate cancer right now. There are no proven ways to prevent getting prostate cancer.