National French Week
French-speaking scientists, mathematicians, and inventors
Marie Curie - Scientist
Died: July 4, 1934 in Savoy, France
Marie Curie is best known for her work on radioctivty. Marie and Pierre Curie discovered the elements, polonium and radium. Curie was the first woman to recieve the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903. She also recieved a Nobel Prize in Chemestry in 1911. Both her and her husband's remains were entombed in the Panthéon in Paris, France.
Louis Pasteur - Scientist
Died: September 28, 1895 in Marnes-la-Coquette, France
Louis Pasteur is known for many accomplishments. Louis Pasteur discovered anaerobic life and straphylococcus, streptococcus, and pneumococcus, bacteria that are responsible for some human diseases. Furthermore, he developed vaccines for chicken cholera, anthrax, swine erysipelas, and rabies. Pasteur also developed the process of pasteurization; a process for heating up a liquid like milk to 55 degrees Celsius to kill of bacteria.
René Déscartes - Mathematician
Born: March 31, 1596 in La Haye, Touraine, France
Died: February 11, 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden
René Déscartes is called the "Father of Modern Mathematics." His mathematical theorms include Rule of Signs, the formula relating the radii of Soddy kissing circles, a theorm on total angular defect, and Euler's Polyhedral Theorem.
Louis Braille - Inventor
Born: January 4, 1809 in Coupvray, France
Died: January 06, 1852 in Paris, France
Louis Braille invented braille. Louis Braille was 3 years old when he became blind due to an accident. He was fifteen when he developed a system of reading and writing by the use of six raised dots adopted from Charles Barbier. He attended the National Institute for Blind Children in Paris in 1819 and taught there from 1826.