National French Week

French-speaking scientists, mathematicians, and inventors

Marie Curie - Scientist

Born: November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland

Died: July 4, 1934 in Savoy, France

Marie Curie is best known for her work on radioctivty. Marie and Pierre Curie discovered the elements, polonium and radium. Curie was the first woman to recieve the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903. She also recieved a Nobel Prize in Chemestry in 1911. Both her and her husband's remains were entombed in the Panthéon in Paris, France.

Louis Pasteur - Scientist

Born: December 27, 1822 in Dole, France

Died: September 28, 1895 in Marnes-la-Coquette, France

Louis Pasteur is known for many accomplishments. Louis Pasteur discovered anaerobic life and straphylococcus, streptococcus, and pneumococcus, bacteria that are responsible for some human diseases. Furthermore, he developed vaccines for chicken cholera, anthrax, swine erysipelas, and rabies. Pasteur also developed the process of pasteurization; a process for heating up a liquid like milk to 55 degrees Celsius to kill of bacteria.

René Déscartes - Mathematician

Born: March 31, 1596 in La Haye, Touraine, France

Died: February 11, 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden

René Déscartes is called the "Father of Modern Mathematics." His mathematical theorms include Rule of Signs, the formula relating the radii of Soddy kissing circles, a theorm on total angular defect, and Euler's Polyhedral Theorem.

Louis Braille - Inventor

Born: January 4, 1809 in Coupvray, France

Died: January 06, 1852 in Paris, France

Louis Braille invented braille. Louis Braille was 3 years old when he became blind due to an accident. He was fifteen when he developed a system of reading and writing by the use of six raised dots adopted from Charles Barbier. He attended the National Institute for Blind Children in Paris in 1819 and taught there from 1826.