Mesopotamia

By Gabe Kaczor

Geographer

1. Mesopotamia was located between two rivers. The two river names were the Euphrates and the Tigris river. Mesopotamia means city between two rivers.

2. –>

3.Mesopotamia's climate is very hot and dry during the summer. During winter it is rainy and wet. In spring the snow from the top of mountains melts and makes the rivers flood. This makes Mesopotamia a very wet place during the spring.

4.The present day country would be Iraq.

5.Mesopotamia is 6374 miles from Elm city middle school.



Cylinder seals

Cylinder seals were invented before cuneiform writing. They had pictures and symbols on them. The cylinder was rolled onto wet clay to make writing. Most of the time there were pictures on them and less symbols.

Hanging gardens of babylon

The ruins of Babylon are approximately 50 miles southwest of modern day Baghdad, Iraq and this is were the most widely accepted story begins. Historians believe the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built around 600 B.C. by King Nebuchadnezzar II for his home sick wife, Amytis of Media. She longed for the sights and smells of her beloved home, which was located. King Nebuchadnezzar II brought back plants and animals, placing them in the garden to remind Amytis of her home. It is believed the Hanging Gardens were destroyed by earthquakes around 200 B.C.

Agriculturist

1. To help water the crops the people found they could irrigate, and make canals that led to the field. They raised goats,sheep, and cows. They made baskets from weeds, and made pottery out of wet clay. These helped carry crops to and from the fields.


2. Poisoned fields were not able to grow crops. If irrigation water was left to evaporate it left minerals behind. If they tried to drain it the water moved too fast and eroded the fields. That made the fields unable to be farmed. If the fields could not be farmed they could not have fresh foods.


3. Most people ate unleavened bread, and drank large amounts of beer. Cow's milk was also drank it quickly turned sour in the hot climate. Because meat was expensive people ate cooked vegetable stews. Fish was an important source of protein for the villagers, and people of the town. Fruits included apples, pears, grapes, figs, quinces, plums, apricots, mulberries, melons, and pomegranates. Pistachio nuts were eaten. Cakes for special occasions were made with butter, cheese, dates, flour, and raisins.


4. Cities lived nears water because they used water to water fields. They also used water to bathe, make food, and hydrate themselves. Cities built canals and irrigated to get water to their crops.



5. Before I can work the soil, I need to flood my field with water from the irrigation ditch.

After the field has been flooded,I must run the plough through the field to break up the soil chunks.

After the chunks of dirt have been broken up by the plough, I must run the harrow through the field to make my field smooth and level.

After the ground has been plowed and harrowed, I must drop seeds into the ground using the seeder plough.

I must water my field three times after it has been sewed.

When the crops are ripe, I must cut the barley, gather it together and take it to the threshing house.


Historian

These are the cities if Mesopotamia, Waššukanni, Mosul, Ninive, Hatra, assur, Kirkuk, nuzi, Mari, Baghdad, Sappar, Babylon, kerbela, kicsh, nadschaf, nippur, Isin, Uruk, UR, lagaš, Ahvaz, charax-spasinu, Basra


The requirements of a civilization are


1. Urban revolution

2. New political and military structures

3. Social structure based on economic power

4. The development of complex technology

5. Development of writing

6. Distinct religious structure

7. New forms of artistic and cultural activity


Hammurabi's code was important because it stated laws that people were supposed to follow. His code was more than 150 laws, and if you broke a rule you were punished no matter what. His code was the first ever written.


6. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.


10. If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receive the lost article.


28. If a chieftain or a man be caught in the misfortune of a king, if his son is able to enter into possession, then the field and garden shall be given to him, he shall take over the fee of his father.


35. If any one buy the cattle or sheep which the king has given to chieftains from him, he loses his money.


50. If he give a cultivated corn-field or a cultivated sesame-field, the corn or sesame in the field shall belong to the owner of the field, and he shall return the money to the merchant as rent.