UTTARAKHAND NATURAL DISASTER

Done by Ghanashyam G Nair

INTRODUCTION

§ Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 km² of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest.


§ Most of the Uttarakhand part of the state is covered by high Himalayan peaks and glaciers


§ Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and the Yamuna, originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand

MORE FACT

§ These two pilgrimage, Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham lies in uttrakhand

It is well know as the "Land of the Gods"


§ Uttrakhand is well known for his chota char dham:-

•Kedarnath

•Badrinath

•Gangotri

•yamunotri


§ Uttrakhand is considered as one of the most beautiful state

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KEDARNATH TEMPLE

THE 2013 MONSOON DESTROYED UTTARAKHAND

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WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS ?? MAN OR NATURE .....

NATURAL REASONS

§ From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of uttrakhand and near by are received heavy rainfall


§ The rainfall was was above benchmark which is above 375 precent


§A multi-day cloudburst ,centered on the state Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides.


§ Due to Continuous Rain the Chorabari Glacier melted and this triggered the flooding of the Mandakini river


§ Which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand

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MAN MADE REASONS

§ The Uttrakhand Disaster have been officially termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.

§ However, the true causes of the epic tragedy is growth of tourism, unchecked Rapid increase of roads, hotels, shops and multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and unplanned construction are the reason for landslide

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DAMS

Rapid growth of hydroelectricity generating dams that disrupt water balances and has also triggered the action of disaster

OTHER REASONS

§ More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.


§ Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state.

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DEFORESTATON

Deforestation is also one of the most important factor of uttrakhand disaster, which cause frequently landslide.

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RESCUE OPERATION

§ The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.

§ Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions

MORE INFO

§ Helicopters were used to rescue people


§ ITBP soldiers distribute medicines to stranded pilgrims during in Uttarakhand rescue operation


§ Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF base camp in Dharasu

AFTER THE DISASTER

§ By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters,


§ the Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.


§ From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of 18,424 people - flying a total of 2,137 sorties and dropping landing a total of 3,36,930 kg of relief material and equipment


§ In this rescue operation one helicopter has get crashed and 20 bodies has found on the site

FINANCIAL HELP'S

§ Several state governments also announced financial assistance:


§ Uttar Pradesh Government 25 crore


§ The governments of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi 10 crore each


§ The governments of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 5 crore each.


§ The US Ambassador to India extended a financial help of USD $150,000 through the United States Agency


§ Also US announced that the US will provide further financial aid of USD $75,000.

STATICS

§ 822 were Deaths occurred in flood (official estimates)


§ 1800 were Missing persons


§ 2232 has Fully damaged houses


§ 154 bridges get Damaged


§ 1520 roads get Damaged


§ Government as also announced 2 lakhs for total damaged houses in flood