Julius Caesar Research

visuals of romain empire

Origin of Architecture

Roman architecture is similar to ancient greek architecture although it has very many qualities that makes it unique. Greek architecture ideas were shared with the roman empire. The ideas of the hydraulics and construction of the arches. Later romans started to build.
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The Construction of the Buildings

Roman architecture consisted of huge buildings however, they were not made out of concrete. The roman people used volcanic stone that was native to Italy. The stone was called tufa and it was used consistently used through roman architecture. The other stone used was called travertine which was preferred because it was durable and it left a marble looking finish, marble however was not very popular until a few decades later because it was seen as so extravagant. This is why travertine was good for the future because, it looked like marble but was not as expensive. These stone were used on the older buildings before concrete. Concrete came in the 2nd B.C.E. by using mortar which was a mix of sand, lime, and water, and mixing it with other substances. However, the architecture was unique because it had such little room on the inside. This was because the stones that were used were so large and it took a lot of stone to just hold up the building alone.
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Types of Buildings

Roman architecture had a wide range of uses. However, most of the architecture was set up the same, with a open plaza and surrounded by important buildings. Some buildings were focused on religious aspects and others economic. Economic buildings were mainly temples. This temples were used for a court kind of set up, and for official meetings for the town council. It was very popular for towns people to set up there small markets along the street of the temples and to sell their produce such as meat, fish, and vegetables.

The romans had a wide range of housing. The wealthy people could a house called a domus in the city area or they could have lived in a farmhouse called a villa. As for the less fortunate they lived in multi-story apartment buildings known as an insulae. When the roman people died they liked to build a tomb or as the called it a house for their remains near the home they lived in.

The entertainment buildings of the roman empire were ranged from small intimate buildings to gigantic theaters. The smaller buildings were specifically designed for small intimate musical performances. The larger colosseums were used for battles between men and animals. Some of the roman cities built a circuses which were large colosseum like buildings, these circuses were for residents to watch chariot racing.

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Citations