Light Shed on Parenting

Annessa Monroe

A Commonly Asked Question

Most parents catch themselves at one point or another asking themselves the following common question: " How does my parenting affect my child?" It is safe to say that most parents want the best outcomes for their children and are willing to take upon parental practices that offer benefits for the physical, emotional, and/or social growth of their children. In Development Through the Lifespan, Laura E. Burke described the following four parenting styles: Authoritative, Authoritarian, Permissive,and Uninvolved parenting. These descriptions are shown below.

Parenting Styles


"involves high acceptance and involvement, adaptive control techniques, and appropriate autonomy granting" (p. 278)


"involves low acceptance and involvement, high in coercive control, and low in autonomy granting" (p. 279)
Authoritative versus Authoritarian Parenting


"involves warmth and acceptance, but little involvement" (p. 279)
Permissive Parenting


"involves little acceptance and involvement, little control, and general indifference to issues of autonomy granting" (p. 280)
Matilda and her parents

A Two-Way Street

Research in the Journal of Research in Adolescence shows that not only do parents influence the behavior of their children, but children influence the behavior of their parents.

A study was conducted in which the positive social behavior within the family of authoritative parents and adolescence were recorded. Researchers concluded that the positive behavior of adolescences helped predict positive behavior of parents which was considered continued authoritative parenting.


Berke, L.E. Development through the lifespan (2010) . Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. (pp. 278-280)

Padilla-Walker, L. M., Carlo, G., Christensen, K. J., & Yorgason, J. B. (2012). Bidirectional relations between authoritative parenting and adolescents' prosocial behaviors. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22(3), 400-408.