Ernest Everett Just

By:Annie Moore

Early life

I was born on August 14, 1883, in Charleston, South Carolina, to Charles Frazier and Mary Matthews Just. i had a rough childhood; my father died when i was very young, leaving my mother to fend for herself and our family. I was educated by my mother until the age of 13, when i entered the Colored Normal, Industrial, Agricultural and Mechanical College. I received a License of Instruction that permitted me to teach in the black public schools of South Carolina.

Major study

My major study was cell behavior and fertilization. I pioneered the development of fertilization, hydration, cell division, and dehydration in living cells. My main role was my recognition of the fundamental role of the cell surface in the development of organisms.My work covered a diversity of biology that are used in today's biology development.


  • I was the first American to be invited to conduct research at the kaiser Wilhelm institute in Berlin
  • I received the grimes prize for general improvement
  • My superior grades earned me recognition as a scholar for the second year in a row
  • I got a Spingarn medal for the national association for the advancement of colored people


I became ill in early July that I had to return to New York City, where I was admitted to mount Sinai hospital. It turned out that the trouble I was having with my spinal nerves was pancreatic cancer,After battling with cancer, I died in Washington, D.C. on October 27,1941.
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This site has a lot of information on me. This site shows when i was yong until the day I died. This will tell you almost anything that you would like to know about me.