Health Concerns

Middle Childhood


  • Ear Infections can be a health problem.
  • Children's hearing is usually well developed by middle childhood.
  • Awareness of midrange sounds develops first, followed by high-range and low-range awareness.
  • By 11 years of age, most children have the auditory awareness of adults.


  • By age six, most children are ready to read.
  • Their ability to focus improves.
  • Throughout middle childhood, nearsightedness is the most common vision problem.
  • The more time children are engaged in reading and close-up work, the greater their chances of becoming near-sighted.
  • With corrective lenses, nearsightedness can be overcome.


  • During middle childhood, children begin losing their primary or 'baby' teeth.
  • Tooth loss can have a psychological effect on some children.
  • They become self-conscious.
  • Calling attention to the change in their appearance may cause them to be uncomfortable.
  • A common health problem for school-age children is tooth decay.


  • Obesity is becoming a common problem among school-age.
  • A person is considered obese if he or she weighs 20 percent more than other people of the same sex, age, and build.
  • Obesity affects about 25 percent of school-age children.
  • Being obese can seriously impact a child's emotional health.
  • Obese children are often teased and ridiculed by their peers.