Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
A carbohydrate is known as a sugar. It is a quick energy providing molecule made up of a 1:2:1 ratio of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The monomer of this polymer is sugar, forming long chains that can vary from monosaccharides to polysaccharides.
Here are some examples:
Lipids are more complex polymers that are used for energy storage. They contain many carbons and hydrogens with few oxygens. The building block of lipids is the fatty acid, which is a chain of carbons with hydrogen attached on each side. The function of lipids are insulation, energy storage, and protection. Here are some examples:
Proteins are organic molecules that morn muscles, transport O2, and act as hormones and enzymes. Their building block is the amino acid linked by peptide bonds. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen elements are used to make proteins. Here are some examples:
This organic class involves genetic material for storing cellular information and heredity. The only two nucleic acids are DNA and RNA, and their building block is the nucleotide. Nucleotides consist of a five-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. The structure made is a long chain in a helix shape, double helix for DNA. Here are the examples with some additional information: