Canada 2035

Will Canada be the greatest country to live in come 2035?

By: Abdullah Nadeem

Introduction

Will Canada be the Greatest country to live in come 2035. This article about that exactly. With countries striving to better than everyone to become the most powerful, this should be in an intriguing question. Where better to start than Canada. This article will determine that by viewing Canada's current and projected situations in populations, environment, industries and resources and communities.

Popluation

Immigraton

Will Canada be a desired destination for immigrants? Within the past 10 years Canada has taken in a lot of immigrants, on average around 250 000 annually we are showing our ability to attract them. But according to projections, our natural increase rate is going to continue declining and that immigration will soon become our only source of population growth. By 2031 it is projected immigrants may make up 80% of total population. "Will Canada be a desired destination for immigrants"? The answer is quite uncertain, with so much competition from other countries as well stricter immigration rules, many immigrants may begin to rethink their options. But it would do Canada very well if they were to be able to overcome these obstacles, considering the current number of immigrants needing to double in order to sustain population.
It looks like Canada is also going to get their immigrants mainly from Asia, Africa and Latin America. They will also certainly be looking for skilled workers who can make an impact on the economy.

Population

By 2035 Canada will be a much larger but older population. By 2035 Canada's population will reach 40000 to 45000 people. That will be an increase of about 10000 people. But from the current age median of 41.7 years, that will son come up to close to 47 years. Seniors will make up to close to 22% of the population. All baby boomers will also reach up to 60 years old. It is also predicted that the current percentage of the population that the work force takes up, may drop by 10%, an older workforce and more people leaving the workforce than joining it.
Big image

Aboriginal

Currently things aren't looking too good for the Aboriginals. Under the Indian Act, they are not getting as much support from the government as they need. That has lead to poverty and their current demographics. That includes 50% of Aboriginals 24 and under, short life expectancy and high fertility rates. But that could soon end. After recommendations from a lobby group with close ties to the federal government, the government is making good strides in terms of not only abolishing the Indian Act but also but putting a better structured system at its place. It is an idea that Aboriginal are not only perceiving well but pushing for also. That could would give more support to Aboriginals, leading to more land use, job opportunities, educational opportunities but to also end Aboriginal poverty that has been long overdue.

Interactions in the Phyical Enviroment

Canada is a very large country. As a result it includes many different landscapes and has many different climate factors. One reason for being able to have such varying climates and temperatures in two different cities is because parts of Canada are inland, and other are close to the ocean. In total Canada has 6 different climate factors, latitude, ocean currents, air masses, elevation, relief and near water.

Latitude- Distance away from the equator impacts its temperature. ex. closer to equator it is warmer, farther is colder.
Ocean currents- Temperature of ocean current affects the temperature of land it passes over, also has moderating affect on temperature making it cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
Air masses- Air masses formed over the ocean will be moist causing precipitation as it moves over land, air masses over in land regions will be dry. The jet stream also plays part as its position will either create a boundary between cold air masses in South Canada and warm air masses in the US, or allow warm air masses to come in South Eastern Canada creating a larger temperature range in places like Mississauga.
Elevation- This happens in mountainous regions where the higher the elevation the lower the air pressure. That causes percipitation and much drier conditions coming down the mountain.
Relief- This happens where a mountain creates a physical barrier. As moist air masses come from the ocean it has to pass over higher elevation from the mountain, thus it looses its moisture through precipitation. It then creates dry desert like conditions on the other side. Can create great ski mountains.
Near water Continental- Places far from the ocean do not benefit from moderating effects, thus they have greater temperature ranges. Maritime- Places close to a large body of water benefit from moderating effects of the ocean and have a smaller temperature range as well as more precipitation.

Canadas vegiation and land form regions

Two of Canada's landforms regions are the western cordillera and the Canadian Shield. The Western Cordillera consist of B.C, Alberta and Yukon. This region is a coastal region and includes a young and rugged mountain range. The Canadian Shield consist of Ontario, Manitoba, Quebec, NWT and Nunavut. This is the largest region in Canada containing some of Canada's oldest rocks. One physical feature of the Western Cordillera is the mountains. That is due to convergent boundaries. That is two tectonic plates colliding into each other creating an uplift, a mountain. The Canadian shield consists of rocky ice-smoothed hills with irregular basins filled by swamps or lakes. Most of that is due to continental glaciers depositing debris carried over from Northern Canada.

Impact of Climate Change

Because Canada is such a vast country, it can be left exposed because of climate change. Though most of what will happen is uncertain there are a few certain things. One of which are much warmer temperatures throughout Canada, wet regions will get wetter and dry regions will get drier. Such changes could lead to health problems. Much of Canada's environment will also suffer, while any impact on oceans will also impact us.

Canada's Resources and Industries

Some of Canada's best resources are water, oil, forestry, mining, energy and fishing. Of these resources water and oil could prove to be most important depending on the outcome of the Key Stone XL Pipeline. At the current rate we are not going to be able to sustain current production of these resources as they will soon be depleted. We are not using them at a rate for them to replenish, nor will it last of future generations. The basic rule of sustainable yield management is knowing the amount of a resource that can be harvested without depleting the resource. That would ensure continued supply by allowing time to replace or reproduce.
Canada has become more connected to the rest of the world through trade and globalization. One example is their now very strong bond with the US, who is Canada's top trade partner, 74.5% of Canada's trade is with the US. That is due to globalization and the new NAFTA deal ( North American Free Trade Agreement). That deal has also increased their trade with Mexico, their fifth top trade partner. Free Trade has increased the connection with UK and China too.
Big image

Liveable Communities

Today, the biggest problem most Canadian cities are facing is urban sprawl. That big issue has lead to smaller issues connected such as transportation, infrastructure needs and people needs. The four biggest problems to urban sprawl have been transportation cost, farm land use, health costs and infrastructure needs. Not only is this hurting the governments money but for the residents living in suburbia as well. Having to drive far to go to work can cause problems such as obesity and depression. Urban Sprawl could still be a problem by 2035 if Canadian cities don't deal with it now or in the near future. But cities can still deal with it. Two ways of dealing with it could be integrating the suburbs to the city. That can happen by better public transit links between them. The other way would be luring citizens to the city by making it more appealing. That could include more affordable housing, better jobs, easing traffic congestion to create more space, better health care, schooling. But some other more subtle things could also make it more open for all parties. That includes bringing more cultural and art centers into the city, and including green spaces and nature in it.
Cities are also becoming more sustainable for the future, the biggest way cities are doing that is by integrating the environment into the city. There have already been many examples of this. In Montreal people are producing food and natural items in the city and delivering it to the community. In Mississauga and the GTA there has been a new "Green Belt" plan to protect green areas. In Toronto they are creating green spaces and using "brown land" to help. In Windsor they are taking CO2 from underground transit and combining it with sunlight to make algae. And finally in Edmonton they have managed to reduce 90% of the garbage that goes into a landfill and resusing it.
Big image