Hemophilia

Biology

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About The Disorder

Hemophilia is a disorder in the body that causes the blood clotting process to slow down. Serious problems can happen from bleeding in internal organs, brains, muscles, and joints. Mild cases usally dont include spontaneous bleeding and may not be apparent until abnormal bleeding occurs

How common is hemophila?

Hemophilia is more common in males then females. 1 in about 4000 males are born with hemophilia A. Hemophilia B occurs in 1in 20,000 males.
Hemophilia a educational video

Genes Related to Hemophilia

Changes un the F8 gene are responsible for hemophilia. Changes in the F8 or F9 gene can cause abnormal vision. Another form of hemophilia is acquired hemophilia; which is not inherited from gene mutations but, is caused from abnormal bleeding in the skin, muscle or soft tissue; and, is also a rare condition.

How is Hemophilia inheritred

Hemophilia is only inherited by a reccsesive trait. The genes related to this are located on the x chromosome. It is very rare for a female to have hemophilia, a mutation would have to occur; it is more common with males one altered copy of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the condition.

Symptoms

  • Unexplained and excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries, or after surgery or dental work
  • Many large or deep bruises
  • Unusual bleeding after vaccinations
  • Pain, swelling or tightness in your joints
  • Blood in your urine or stool
  • Nosebleeds without a known cause
  • In infants, unexplained irritability
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Treatmeants

  • Regular infusions of DDAVP or clotting factor.
  • Clot-preserving medications (antifibrinolytics).
  • Fibrin sealants.
  • Physical therapy.
  • First aid for minor cuts.
  • Vaccinations.

Diagnoses

In various people, a blood test can show if there is a blood clotting facor. Hemophilia is diagnosed at an average age of 9 months. Sometimes, mild hemophilia isn't diagnosed until a person undergoes surgery and experiences excessive bleeding.

What I discovered

People with the disease have to live their normal lifestyle by, exercising reagularly, avoid certain medications, practice good dental hygiene and, protect from injureis that can cause bleeding; also that, Hemophilia is an inherited disorder. There's no cure for the disorder yet. But with proper treatment and help, people with hemophilia can maintain a productive life.
Skylar: Hemophilia Treatment