Age Structure

Russia and Japan

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Russia's Age Structure and Population Growth

Population Growth Rate:

Largest part of the population is made up of the age group 25-55.


- Low birth rates in Russia contribute to its declining population.

- Immigration laws keep immigrants out of Russia.

- It is estimated that Russia's population will decrease 20% by the year 2050.

- Russia's current population is 143.5 million people.

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Japan's Age Structure and Population Growth

Age structure: 0-14 years: 13.2% (male 8,681,728/female 8,132,809)
15-24 years: 9.7% (male 6,429,429/female 5,890,991)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 23,953,643/female 24,449,655)
55-64 years: 13.2% (male 8,413,872/female 8,400,953)
65 years and over: 25.8%


- Japan's birth rates have fallen and contributes to its declining population.

- Immigration laws have restricted immigration in Japan, also contributing to its declining population.

- It is estimated that Japan's population will decrease by one million people every year.

- Japan has one of the highest life expectancy in the world at 81.25 years of age as of 2006.

- Japan's population peaked in 2008 at 128,083,960 and had fallen 285,256 by October 2011.

Japan vs. Russia

- Russia's population has a 0.2% annual change.

- Russia is also experiencing low birth rates and has very little immigration into their country.

- Japan's population is decreasing by 0.2% annual change.

- Japan maintains strict immigration laws and have low birth rates.

Exam Questions

1. What factors contribute to Japan's declining population?

2. Why is immigration so strictly regulated in Japan?

3. Why might there be more people between the ages of 25-55 in Russia?