Constitutional Convention

Social Studies

Constitutional Convention

The constitutional convention happened in 1787, in Philadelphia between May and September. The point of this meeting was to discuss the weakness in the central government that is listed under the Articles of Confederation. This resulted in an improved and enhanced central government.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances were the solution to the problems that occurred with certain branches of the government being too powerful, which was eventually ratified. The first one is the legislative branch which makes laws made by congress. The second one is the executive branch. This branch enforces laws by the president. This is the top ranking of the three branches, which makes sense why the president would be the most cherished and wanted political job. The third one is the judicial branch. This is the supreme court - the top court - appointed by the president, who carries out the laws while the supreme court interprets them. Once appointed, these judges serve for life.

The Great Compromise

The great compromise saved the constitutional convention. There were many different political views from delegates during the great compromise, including arguments over the Virginia plan. The Virginia plan included a new rule of representatives for each state based on the population. The small states preferred the New Jersey plan which was based on it not mattering what the population of your state. Roger Sherman whom was a delegate proposed a two house legislature. The ruling favored the smaller states, which means the Virginia plan got voted out and all of the states get the same number of representatives.

Three-Fifths Compromise

In 1787 the delegates in Philadelphia accepted a plan determining a state’s representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. The plan was to resolve the mindset of slaves not being “fully human”. The issue caused a split of the delegates into two different groups. The outcome came to be and slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person in the population.

Electoral College

The electoral college is a system by which elected people vote on behalf of their state. This is the way the president is elected.