The constitutional convention happened in 1787, in Philadelphia between May and September. The point of this meeting was to discuss the weakness in the central government that is listed under the Articles of Confederation. This resulted in an improved and enhanced central government.
Checks and Balances
The Great Compromise
The great compromise saved the constitutional convention. There were many different political views from delegates during the great compromise, including arguments over the Virginia plan. The Virginia plan included a new rule of representatives for each state based on the population. The small states preferred the New Jersey plan which was based on it not mattering what the population of your state. Roger Sherman whom was a delegate proposed a two house legislature. The ruling favored the smaller states, which means the Virginia plan got voted out and all of the states get the same number of representatives.
In 1787 the delegates in Philadelphia accepted a plan determining a state’s representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. The plan was to resolve the mindset of slaves not being “fully human”. The issue caused a split of the delegates into two different groups. The outcome came to be and slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person in the population.
The electoral college is a system by which elected people vote on behalf of their state. This is the way the president is elected.