Spanish society in the 19th century

Economy and industrialisation

The Industrial Revolution was late and slow, only in Basque Country, Catalonia and the large cities.

Most of the populationstill worked in the fields. England or Germany used machinery.

Railway, didn´t appear until the second half of the century.

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Bourgeoisie became rich and became the dominant social class.

The Industrial Revolution brought serious social problems harsh working conditions and child explotation. In rural areas, the peasants lived in extreme povorty. Politicals demands of the working class.

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New social classes, and the bourgeoisie were now upper class. Lived in modern neighbourhoods called ensanches.

Locomotive and steamship, forms of transport. First train line, between Barcelona and Mataró, until 1848.

Coal caused serious polution.

Poor neighbourhoods with bad living conditions. The poorest lower classes lived here.

Art and culture

Many artistic styles emerged, the population was illiterate.


Beginning of the century, style revolutionary atmosphereand faraway places.
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In the middle of the century, show aspects of the industrial society.
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End of the century, technological advances reflected on their work.
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Generation of ´98 (La Generación del 98)

Group of writers and intelectuals criticised Spanish society called for modernisation of the century.
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Scientific advances

Several researchers scientific advances, Ramón y Cajal. First Novel Prize for Science.
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