Gil Vicente

By:Sophia King

Biography

  • Gil Vicente was born in Guimaraes, Portugal in the year 1465
  • he spent his life in Portugal and influenced the Portuguese Renaissance
  • Gil Vicente is believed to have studied in Salamanca, and he first studied law before changing his career to literature
  • Gil Vicente was an apprentice to Martim Vicente who worked as a goldsmith
  • Vicente’s lifestyle was very busy, especially when he was left with his two kids after his first wife's death
  • Vicente also had ties to the court because Kings Manuel I and King John III were his patrons
  • one time Vicente dressed a herdsman and performed one of his literary works
  • his performance gained him the support and interest from the public
  • Queen Leonor is amused with Vicente's work and commissions work from him
  • Branca Bezerra was Vicente's wife and together they had two children
  • in approximately 1513 Branca Bezerra died and leaves her children behind along with Vicente
  • Melicia Rodrigues is Gil Vicente's second wife and they have three children together
  • Queen Leonor dies in 1525, and although Vicente complains due to hard times, he produces some of his most famous works in this time period
  • Vicente is believed to have died in 1536 in Evora, Portugual
  • one of Gil Vicente's sons Luis published some of his father's works in 1562
  • Gil Vicente's created novels and plays, and two of his plays consist of Don Duardos and Triologia das Barcas (Trilogy of the Ships)
  • Vicente's only known patrons were Queen Leonor and Portuguese Kings Manuel I and King John III
  • Vicente's plays and novels follow the ideas of both idealism and humanism
  • Idealism changed the ideas of simplicity and stressed idea over observation and Gil Vicente's work resembled his own ideas closely
  • Humanism was the literary movement and Gil Vicente's paintings triggered the Portuguese Renaissance

Trilogy of the Ships

The Trilogy of the Ships was written in 1518 and is broken up into three parts. The first part is The Ship of Hell and the second part, The Trilogy of the Ships, is a continuation of the first, where two ferries wait for their passengers to board. There is The Ship of Hell and The Ship of Heaven and the people argue with the Devil and The Angel about what ship they deserve to board. In the end, only four Knights are aboard The Ship to Heaven and all the other passengers are aboard The Ship to Hell. The passengers then find out their fate, that the Ship to Hell Brings you to Hell and The Ship of Heaven brings you to Heaven. The Trilogy of the Ship describes the passengers journey to either Hell or Heaven, and how things turn out when they arrive at their destinations. This piece is significant because the usual style of writing was something Vicente was able to add his personal ideas into. Gil Vicente's literary works were usually very dramatic and filled with lyricism. I find this play so interesting because it shows Gil Vicente's take on Heaven and Hell. Vicente has an interesting writing style and his strong options show through his writing so the piece is interesting to read.


ISM: The Trilogy of the Ships is most related to Humanism, because Humanism is the literary movement and Gil Vicente's paintings triggered the Portuguese Renaissance and the Iberian Renaissance.


**Unfortunately, The Trilogy of Ships is not in a museum or library, and it is only published in the two languages Vicente wrote in, Spanish and Portuguese. I wish that this play was internationally published in a variety of languages because it has such a good plot and seems like an interesting piece to read.**

Interesting Facts

* wrote his plays in either Portuguese or Spanish

* Gil Vicente was a Renaissance Man because he was a goldsmith and created many statues and he wrote plays,books and poetry

* it is believed that Vicente died because he often defended the Jewish people who converted to Christianity

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Academic Theater of Gil Vicente

Gil Vicente was a famous Portuguese Playwright and poet during the 15 and 16th centuries. Vicente also has a theater in Portugal named after him, where people can learn how to direct or act in plays. (theater pictured above)

Works Cited

"Coimbra: Teatro Académico Gil Vicente Dedica Ciclo a Novos Criadores."Coimbra: Teatro Académico Gil Vicente Dedica Ciclo a Novos Criadores. N.p., 2015. Web. 03 Dec. 2015."Gil Vicente." Amazon.com: : Books, Biography, Blog, Audiobooks, Kindle. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.


"Gil Vicente." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.


"Gil Vicente Facts." Encyclopedia of World Biography. N.p., 2010. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


Out Of The Wings. King's College London, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


Siddharta Bookstore. N.p., 2013. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.


Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.