Michael Faraday

By: Cody Dupuy

Birth and Death

Michael Faraday was born September 22, 1791.

He died at Hampton Court, London, England on August 25, 1867. His health began to deteriorate and he stopped researching

His Inventions

Electromagnetic induction . The principle behind the electric transformer and generator. This discovery was crucial in allowing electricity to be transformed from a curiosity into a powerful new technology. If electricity makes life easier for us, you can thank Michael Faraday. He made two big discoveries that changed our lives. In 1821, he discovered that when a wire carrying an electric current is placed next to a single magnetic pole, the wire will rotate. This led to the development of the electric motor. Ten years later, he became the first person to produce an electric current by moving a wire through a magnetic field. Faraday's experiment created the first generator, the forerunner of the huge generators that produce our electricity. He was able to make an electric motor in 1821, soon after Oersted had discovered electromagnetism.

Family

Faraday's father, James Faraday, was a blacksmith who came from Yorkshire in the north of England while his mother Margaret Hastwell, also from the north of England, was the daughter of a farmer. Early in 1791 James and Margaret moved to Newington Butts, which was then a village outside London, where James hoped that work was more plentiful. He also had two siblings.

Impacting Events

In 1812, Faraday attended four lectures given by the chemist Humphry Davy at the Royal Institution. Faraday subsequently wrote to Davy asking for a job as his assistant. Davy turned him down but in 1813 appointed him to the job of chemical assistant at the Royal Institution.

Early Life and Education

Michael Faraday was born into a poor family, of which he was the third of four children. His father, James, was a blacksmith who had left his own smithy in Outhgill, near Kirkby Stephen, early in 1791 to seek work in London. His increasing ill health prevented him from providing more than the bare necessities for his family. Faraday later recalled that he was once given a loaf of bread, which was to feed him for a week. James Faraday died in 1809. His family was not well off and Faraday received only a basic formal education. When he was 14, he was apprenticed to a local bookbinder and during the next seven years, educated himself by reading books on a wide range of scientific subjects.

Michael’s mother, the former Margaret Hastwell, was the mainstay of the family. She made do with what she had for material needs, but clearly offered her younger son that emotional security which gave him the strength in later life to reject all social and political distinctions as irrelevant to his own sense of dignity. She died in 1838.

Famous Quotes

Nothing is too wonderful to be true, if it be consistent with the laws of nature.

Water is to me, I confess, a phenomenon which continually awakens new feelings of wonder as often as I view it.

The lecturer should give the audience full reason to believe that all his powers have been exerted for their pleasure and instruction.

The important thing is to know how to take all things quietly.

Adulthood

Faraday married Sarah Barnard (1800–1879) on 12 June 1821. They met through their families at the Sandemanian church, and he confessed his faith to the Sandemanian congregation the month after they were married. They had no children.

In 1813, when Davy damaged his eyesight in an accident with nitrogen trichloride, he decided to employ Faraday as an assistant. Coincidentally one of the Royal Institution's assistants, John Payne, was sacked, and Sir Humphry Davy was asked to find a replacement; thus he appointed Faraday as Chemical Assistant at the Royal Institution on 1 March 1813.

Where he Lived and Acheivements

Newington, Surrey, England, London, and Paul's Alley in the Barbican.

Won the Coply Medal twice, Royal Medal twice and the Rumford Medal once

Sir Humphrey Davy was his inspiration at the beginning.

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Bibliography

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"Michael Faraday." Michael Faraday. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.