What was the Glorious Revolution?
It was the events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of his daughter Mary II and her husband, William III, prince of Orange and stadholder of the Netherlands.
He begins the process that will later, will become the glorious revolution. Tension between king and parliament ran deep throughout the seventeenth century. Then in the 1640s, this dispute turned into a civil war. The loser, Charles I the king of England, was beheaded in 1649; his sons, Charles and James, fled to France; and the victorious Oliver Cromwell ruled England in the 1650s. Cromwell’s death in 1659 created a political vacuum, so Parliament invited Charles I’s sons back from exile, and the English monarchy was restored with the coronation of Charles II in 1660.
Charles the Second
He was the King of England after Cromwell's death. With the restoration of Charles II in 1660 was met with misgivings by many Englishmen who suspected the Stuarts of Roman Catholic and absolutist leanings. Charles II increased this distrust by not being responsive to Parliament, by his toleration of Catholic dissent, and by favoring alliances with Catholic powers in Europe. This was a problem because the official state religion was not catholicism. A parliamentary group, tried to ensure a Protestant successor by excluding James, duke of York (later James II), from the throne, but they were unsuccessful. After James's accession his overt Catholicism and the birth of a Catholic prince who would become king after Charles II
William and Mary
William, a Dutch prince, married Mary, the daughter of the future King James II, in 1677.Following Britain’s bloodless Glorious Revolution, Mary, the daughter of the deposed king, and William of Orange, her husband, are proclaimed joint sovereigns of Great Britain under Britain’s new Bill of Rights.After the birth of an heir to James in 1688, seven high-ranking members of Parliament invited William and Mary to England. William landed at Torbay in Devonshire with an army of 15,000 men and advanced to London, meeting no opposition from James’ army, which had deserted the king. James himself was allowed to escape to France, and in February 1689 Parliament offered the crown jointly to William and Mary, provided they accept the Bill of Rights.
What impact the Glorious Revolution had on the rest of the world?
The compromise and agreement laid out the idea of limited government which would later influence American documents. The English bill of rights and the Bill of Rights in the US constitution are very similar in what personal freedom they gave to the people and limiting the power of the government.