Manic Bipolar Disorder

By Sandya S.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a depressive disorder that affects the way the brain functions, and is characterized by a person's highs (mania) and lows (depression).

Signs and Symptoms

  • Racing speech and thoughts
  • Increased energy
  • Lesser need for sleep
  • Elevated mood and exaggerated optimism
  • Increased physical and mental activity
  • Poor judgement
  • Increased sense of self-importance

How Does It Affect Someone?

It makes people have higher levels of energy, and leads to them being more active. They act overly enthusiastic, which can cause them to make bad decisions.

Other Names and Types

Alternate names

  • Manic-Depressive Illness
  • Bipolar Mood Disorder
  • Bipolar Affective Disorder


  • Bipolar I
  • Bipolar II
  • Cycothymic Disorder
  • Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

How Is It Diagnosed?

  • Observation of behavior
  • Looking at history of past/present experiences
  • Information from family and friends
  • Medical exams

How Is It Treated?

  • Therapists give a treatment plan
  • Medications like mood stabilizers
  • Psychotherapy
  • Doctors watch for others symptoms and offer other treatments

Fun Fact

During mania, many people with bipolar disorder stop taking their meds because they think that they're better.