Women during The American Civil War
By Annette Lopez
Precursor Events in The American Civil War
The Missouri Compromise was proposed by Henry Clay that allowed Missouri and Maine to enter the Union and to help balance free and slave states. Only slavery was allowed from the territory acquired in the Louisiana Purchase.
Kansas-Nebraska Act was a law that was passed by the U.S Congress. This law allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and decide for themselves if slavery should be allowed within their borders.
The Dred Scott Decision
The Dred Scott Decision was a case of an enslaved African American who sued for this freedom because he once lived in free territory. But still the Supreme Court still refused what he was asking and claimed he was still a slaved.
Fugitive Slave Act
Fugitive Slave act was passed by the U.S Congress. This act allowed all citizens to help catch runaway slaves and authorized to return to their owners. If citizens aid any fugitive slaves they would be fined up to $1,000 or put in prison.
Individual women soldiers
Frances Clayton who was born in 1830s she was one of the woman to disguise herself and fight as a soldier for the Union. Frances Clayton took the name of Jake Williams in order for her to fight in the battle. Clayton first enlisted in 1861 along with her husband.
Annie Etheridge born in 1839 was a nurse at a Michigan hospital. Etheridge was an only child and at a young age she had lost her parents and had to return back to Detroit. Etheridge enlisted in “Daughter of the Regiment" in the 2nd Michigan Infantry. She marched with her regiment to Washington and later joined the Union
Harriet Tubman born in 1820s was one of many spies who would work for the Union who was also known to travel the Underground railroad and lead hundreds of enslaved to their freedom. Harriet was a huge abolitionist, she helped abolitionist John Brown with the Harper's Ferry raid by helping him plan the raid.
"True womanhood" was a group of women who had join from both sides Union and Confederate and volunteered as nurses.