Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

By Dylan C

Location

The cathedral is located in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela. Santiago de Compostela is in the Spanish province of A Coruna.

Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Santiago's cathedral

^^^ On the page you can see the time the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is open, closed, and the addresses to find it.

History

The tomb of St James was discovered in 819 A.D. The cathedral began construction in 1075 led by Alfonso VI of Castile. It was finished in 1128 A.D. but has been having rebuilding in the cathedral since due to age and tear.Throughout its time till now it has had things added to its exterior and its interior has been the same since built.

In 997 A.D. Soon after it was discovered it was destroyed by the soldiers of Al-Mansur's Moorish army. During this invasion, the people of Santiago hid the body of St. James and was lost to public until the 1800s.

What Group Worships this Place

Christians worship the Cathedral of Santiago. The cathedral was a pilgrimage for christians, which is a route or pathway to moral, or spiritual significance. The cathedral is run kind of like a church. There are confessions and mass. Mass takes place everyday at noon and if you receive Compostela the day before, then during mass your country is called out during mass.

Sacred Meaning to the People

Legend has that St James an apostle was buried in the spot of where the cathedral now is. St James was well known for he had brought Christianity to Glacia , he also was thought to be one of Jesus's close friends. His burial was found when a light guided a Shepherd to the spot of burial, and he then notified Alfonso 11. He then built the cathedral on St James burial, and the cathedral is now very sacred to the people of Santiago de Compostela. The cathedral also a pilgrimage.

Facts on the building

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was created in the designs of Romanesque, which was the dominant archetectual design in the 11th and 12th century's. When you walk into the main entrance of the cathedral there is a grand staircase and a pillar. The pillar is where every pilgrim that visits the cathedral, has to touch it, just to say that they made it there safely.

On the outside of the cathedral there are four facades. The west facade has two towers with the sculptures of Saint James's mother and father. This facade was built in 1738- 1750. The south facade was built in 1103. There are two entrance doors on this facade that have carvings of Jesus and other notable people and things. The north facade has a gate that suffered a burning in the 1700s but has been rebuilt. The east facade also has a gate. Through this gate there is the holy door which is hidden behind yet another gate. There are two bell towers in the front of the building. There is the north tower and the bell tower. The North Tower was designed by Fernando de Casas Novoa. The Bell Tower was finished in 1680 and raised the cathedral two floors.

Cited

Works Cited

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Cathedral of Santiago De Compostela, Spain. Catedral de Santiago. N.p., 2013. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.catedraldesantiago.es/>.

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Sacred Destinations. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/spain/santiago-cathedral>.

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“14 Fascinating Facts & Figures About the Camino de Santiago.” DISCOVER THE WORLD WITH ACADEMIC ARRANGEMENTS ABROAD. N.p., 2014. Web. 8 Feb. 2016. <https://arrangementsabroad.wordpress.com/2014/05/02/14-fascinating-facts-figures-about-the-camino-de-santiago/>.

“in.” tripadvisor. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2016. <http://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g187508-d553841-i48689673-Cathedral_of_Santiago_de_Compostela-Santiago_de_Compostela_A_Coruna_Provin.html>.

“Santiago De Compostela.” Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., 2016. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.britannica.com/place/Santiago-de-Compostela>.

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“A Texan in Spain.” A Guided Tour Inside & Around the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. N.p., 6 Jan. 2012. Web. 8 Feb. 2016. <http://www.trevorhuxham.com/2015/01/guided-tour-cathedral-santiago-de-compostela.html>.