Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of theContitution of 1788. The previous constitution, called the Articles of Confederation, gave state governments more authority. Led by Patrick Henry of Virginia, Anti-Federalists worried, among other things, that the position of president, then a novelty, might evolve into a monarchy. A book titled "TheAnti-Federalist Papers" is a detailed explanation of American Anti-Federalist thought.