John Adams

The second president of the United States

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Born: October 30, 1735 in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
  • Died: July 04, 1826 in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
  • Nationality: American
  • Occupation: President (Government)

  • John Adams

    As the second president as the United States, John Adams played a big role in the Declaration of Independence and writing it too with other important people such as Thomas Jefferson. "(1735-1826) He wrote the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 and served as a diplomatic representative of Congress in the 1780s."

    Early Life

    At age sixteen, John Adams decided to enter Harvard College in 1751. He went and took all of his courses under the tutorship of Joseph Mayhew who wanted administer his entrance exam. After he graduated in 1755 with an A.B. degree, he went to teach school for a few years in Worcester, Massachusetts. At the next four years he discerned a passion for prestige, saying that he always craved "Honour or Reputation" and "more dfference from his fellows helping to be a good man and to succeed in his great life coming ahead of him. So he decided to become a lawyer to further the ends, writing his father that he found among lawyers." Doctrinally, he later became a Unitarian, and dropped belief in predestination, eternal damnation, the divinity of Christ and most other Calvinist beliefs of his Puritan ancestors. Nevertheless, his remnant Puritanism frequently prompted reservations about his hunger for fame, which he once referred to as mere "trumpery", and he questioned his not properly attending to the "happiness of [his] fellow men." When John Adams turned sixteen, he decided to enter into Harvard college in 1751. Joseph Mayhew, was Johns tutor while he was taking all of his courses from him. Also Joseph Mayhew administered his entrance exam."

    Getting Involved

    John Adams entered Harvard College and received his bachelor's degree in 1755. For about a year he went to teach young kids at a school in Worcester. While he wanted to develop his legal practice, he went to participate in town affairs near him and contributed his first written essays to the Boston newspapers. "In 1764 he married Abigail Smith of Weymouth, who brought him wide social connections and was to share with sensitivity and enthusiasm in the full life that lay ahead."

    His Choices and results

    In April 1768 Adams moved to Boston. He defended John Hancock against smuggling charges brought by British customs officials and acted as counsel for Capt. Thomas Preston, the officer in charge of British troops at the Boston Massacre. Adams undertook the Preston defense, fearing its consequences for his own local popularity, but the need to provide Preston with a fair trial persuaded him to act with no damage, in the end. "Indeed, a few weeks later Adams was elected representative from Boston to the Massachusetts Legislature. In 1773 he celebrated the Boston Tea Party as a dramatic challenge to British notions of parliamentary supremacy. The next year he was one of the representatives from Massachusetts to the First Continental Congress, where he took a leading role in developing the colonists' constitutional defense against the Coercive Acts and other British measures. Although Adams favored the various petitions Congress made to the King, Parliament, and the English people, as well as the scheme of nonimportation agreements, he nonetheless hoped for more vigorous measures."

    Why he made thy choices

    What he had learned from Benjamin Franklin, one of his commissioners that he thought of as one as his friends, he had wanted to help his country during the tough times with the British with the taxing and the unfair parliment. He wanted to help free his country and have final independence from parliament and let their own legislature tax them and let them create their own government. "In the meantime, Adams had been tapped by Congress for another diplomatic post, this time as commissioner to contract peace and then a commercial treaty with Great Britain. He embarked in mid-November and arrived in Paris on Feb. 9, 1780. Again he found his situation frustrating, largely because he had been instructed to make no significant moves without the prior approval of the Comte de Vergennes, the French foreign minister. Between Adams and Vergennes there quickly developed a mutual dislike--duplicated in Adams's relations with Franklin, a man more flexible and less demanding in his relations with the French foreign minister."


    Massachusetts sent Adams to the first and second Continental Congresses in 1774 and from 1775 to 1777. The Massachusetts delegation resolved to assume a large role in the first Congress. But Adams felt strongly that the conservatives of 1774, men like Joseph Galloway and James Duane, were no different than Hutchinson and Peter Oliver, and he denigrated such men, telling Abigail that Spiders, Toads, Snakes, are their only proper Emblems. "Yet at that point his views were similar to those of conservative John Dickinson. He sought repeal of objectionable policies, but at the early stage he continued to see positive benefits for America remaining part of the British empire."

    The Political Career of President John Adams

    Words for John Adams

    Allen Johnson

    Jonathan Raban

    Rand Paul


    By 1800 the split between John Adams and the Hamiltonian wing of the Federalist party was complete. Adams dismissed the main Hamiltonians from his Cabinet, and Hamilton openly opposed Adams for reelection. But the President's peace were both enlightened statesmanship and good politics. The young nation was unprepared for any major war, and the possibility of serious internal conflict if the war program was continued seems to have been real. "Moreover, as various individuals reported, by late 1799 France was prepared for an honorable accommodation with the United States, so there was no longer reason for conflict. Politically, Adams's peace decision made comparable sense. The Federalist split no doubt weakened his chances in 1800, but the Jeffersonians were already scoring heavily in their attacks on Federalist policies. Continued defense of such policies would almost certainly have led to political disaster. In the end Adams lost the election to Jefferson by a narrow margin."

    Annotated Bibliography


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    Early Life:

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    Getting Involved: "John Adams." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 11 May 2016.

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    John Adams- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

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    "John Adams." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web. 11 May 2016.

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    "President John Adams (1735-1826)." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web. 11 May 2016.

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    "The Declaration of Independence, 4 July 1776. John Trumbulls painting (c. 1817) of the Assembly..."Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. Ed. Harold E. Selesky. Vol. 1. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. Biography in Context. Web. 11 May 2016.

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    The Political Career of President John Adams: https: //

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    Words for John Adams:

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