Marcus Tullius Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero (“Tully”) was born in 106 BCE to a respected Arpinas family. Although not noble and therefore unlikely to enter politics directly, Cicero had a great deal of ambition. He always followed the phrase from Homer’s Iliad closely, “to be best and distinguished above the rest.” From a very young age, he attended lessons and proved to be an excellent student. As a result, Cicero was afforded the opportunity to study in Rome, where he excelled in law, rhetoric and philosophy.
During his work as a lawyer, he gained additional experience and exposure. It was at this time that he married Terentia, whom he would have two children with. Cicero was soon elected into the Roman government first as questor, and later as aedile, praeor and consul. He did this all at a considerably young age and on his first attempt.
Cicero was a member of the Senate during times of instability. During the First Triumvirate, he chose to remain loyal to the Republic rather than follow Julius Caesar, Pompey and Crassus in their attempt to seize control. He was not involved in the plot to kill Caesar either. However, in the second power struggle between Antony, Lepidus and Octavian, Cicero made his series of speeches called the Philippics. He supported Octavian, but was ultimately focused on the survival of the Roman republic.
The One Mistake
- When serving as consul in 63 BCE, Cicero exposed the plans of Catiline, a Senator, and his followers to overthrow the republic
- Cicero made four famous speeches against Catiline
- Five conspirators were put to death without trial on Cicero's orders
- Publius Clodius, a bitter enemy to Cicero, proposed a series of laws forbidding the execution of Roman citizens without trial
- The laws were passed in 58 BCE
- Cicero was exiled from Italy for more than a year and prohibited to take part in politics
Critics of Cicero say he acted too hastily, ultimately causing an end to his service within the Roman government.
- With the disadvantages of a non-noble lineage and young age, Cicero was still voted into each main office on his first try
- Concepts of Greek philosophy were introduced to the Romans by Cicero
- The art of refined letter writing was introduced to Europe by Cicero
- Cicero developed a popular form of rhetoric (Ciceronian Rhetoric)
- Skills in rhetoric led Cicero to be considered the greatest Roman orator
- Over fifty books and speeches on philosophy and politics were written by Cicero
Cicero's legacy is long-lasting. His writings and ideas contributed greatly to society at the time, and continue to influence us today.
- Cicero excelled as a lawyer and successfully held office in the Roman government
- Cicero remained loyal to the Republic during times of instability and tried to reform it
- Cicero was a voice of reason in the Senate
- Cicero is known as one of the world's greatest orators
- Cicero is a man of peace and justice
Marcus Tullius Cicero is a natural leader who wishes to see his country thrive. With him, he holds the necessary experience, mindset and skills to do so. Cicero will help ensure that the government is always serving the people.