James Buchanan

By: Andrew Wolff

Early Life:

  • He was born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania in Franklin County
  • He was born on April 23, 1791
  • In 1979 his family moved to Mercersburg, Pennsylvania
  • He attended the Old Stone Academy in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and almost got expelled
  • In 1809 he moved to Lancaster to study law with attorney James Hopkins

Political Career:

  • He was a elected as a member of the Federalist Party to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
  • In 1834 he won a seat in the Senate as a Democrat. He held that position for 10 years
  • On March 4, 1857 he was sworn in as the 15th president of the United States
  • He defeated Republican candidate John C. Fremont
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Presidency:

  • After his inauguration the Dred Scott decision was delivered
  • He also tried to resolve the slavery dispute in Kansas
  • Towards the end of his presidency the slavery issue was about to tear the country apart
  • During his retirement he devoted much of his time to defending his handling of events leading to the civil war

Final Years:

  • In 1819 he got engaged to Ann Caroline Coleman
  • Their engagment was unhappy so Colemen ended it
  • Buchanan never married again and he was the only bachlor president in U.S. history
  • He died on June 1, 1868 of old age
  • He was 78 years old
  • He died in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and was buried in Lancaster, Pennsylvania