Kingdoms of Africa Activity

By: Josh Mulumba

The Kingdom of Ghana

  • Located in the upper Niger River valley between the Sahara and tropical forests along the West African Coast
  • Had strong rulers but no laws
  • Economy was based on farming and iron or and gold
  • Collapsed during 1100s because of wars

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Kingdom of Mali

  • Located on the Atlantic coast but extends into Timbuktu
  • Strong government
  • Great salt trade
  • Civil war divided Mali in 1359

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The Kingdom of Songhai

  • Along the Niger River south of the bend
  • Strong government
  • Great salt and gold trade
  • Near the end of the sixteenth century the forces of sultan of Morocco occupied much of Songhai

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