Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever mostly affects people in developing countries.

What is typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a disease caused by bacteria that you can get from eating food that is contaminated with Salmonella Typhi.
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How can you get it?

If you eat or drink something that has Salmonella bacteria in it then the bacteria gets into your body. Then the bacteria goes into your intestines then, your blood. Through the blood the bacteria goes to your lymph nodes, liver, spleen and other parts of the body.

What are the symptoms?

Early symptoms are, fever, ill-feeling in general, and abdominal pain. When the disease gets worse the fever will go to 103 degrees F and diarrhea will occur. You could also get a rash called 'rose spots' that are on the chest. Other symptoms can be agitation, chills, hallucinations, and more.
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How is it treated?

Typhoid fever is treated by fluids and electrolytes, which are given by IV into a vein on the arm. You also might have to drink water with electrolyte packets in it. To kill the bacteria you are given antibiotics.

How to prevent it?

To prevent typhoid fever, get a vaccine when outside of the U.S to places where typhoid fever is occurring. When you are traveling, drink boiled water and eat only well-cooked food.

Interesting facts

  • Wilbur Wright died of typhoid fever
  • 346 annual cases were reported in the USA in 1999
  • The highest rick for typhoid fever is in South Asia
  • About 300-400 people in the U.S. get typhoid fever each year and most of the infected people had recently traveled
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How Typhoid Fever Affects the Body -- The Doctors