Agronomy and Agricultural resources, by Tatianny Ferreira

In this project, I will give a short general introduction about how is the career in Agronomy.
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Career Overview

Agricultural scientists study plants and soils. They use science to protect, develop, and manage these resources.

Agricultural scientists use the principles of biology, chemistry, and other sciences to solve problems in agriculture. They study:

  • Crops
  • Insects
  • Soil use

Agricultural scientists study plants and soils to develop ways of improving food quantity and quality. They look for ways to improve how crops are grown. They also try to find ways to grow crops using less labor and chemicals.

Agricultural scientists try to find better, safer ways to control pests and weeds. They also study ways to conserve soil and water. They research ways of turning raw agricultural products into attractive and healthy food products for consumers.

Agricultural scientists may also work in range systems, meaning they work with livestock as well as plants and soil.

Another name for scientists who work with plants or crops is agronomists. Agronomists develop methods of growing crops with higher yields and improved characteristics. Sometimes agronomists use genetic engineering to develop crops which are resistant to pests and drought.

Agronomists identify and classify the insects that affect crops. They may research ways to develop new pesticides or other ways to keep bugs from spreading.

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Career Skills and Abilities

Agricultural scientists need to:


  • Read and understand work-related materials.
  • Listen to others and ask questions.
  • Speak clearly so listeners can understand.
  • Write so other people can understand.

    Reason and Problem Solve
  • Analyze ideas and use logic to determine their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Combine several pieces of information and draw conclusions.
  • Develop rules that group items in various ways.
  • Follow guidelines to arrange objects or actions in a certain order.

Use Math and Science

  • Use scientific methods to solve problems.
  • Choose a mathematical method or formula to solve problems.
  • Use math skills to solve problems.
  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide quickly and correctly.

Manage Oneself, People, Time, and Things

  • Check how well one is learning or doing something.
  • Manage the time of self and others.

Work with people

  • Teach others how to do something.
  • Use several methods to learn or teach new things.
  • Change behavior in relation to others’ actions.

Work with things

  • Analyze needs and requirements when designing products.
  • Inspect and evaluate the quality of products.

Perceive and Visualize

  • Identify a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in distracting material.
  • Quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns.
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In a typical work setting, agricultural scientists:

Interpersonal Relationships

  • Have a medium level of contact with people.
  • Communicate daily by telephone, e-mail, and in person. They write letters and memos, but less often.
  • Regularly work as part of a team.
  • Are somewhat responsible for the work performed by others.

Physical Work Conditions

  • Spend time outdoors conducting research at farms, and also work indoors in the lab.
  • May work indoors in areas where there isn't temperature control, such as in a barn.
  • Occasionally wear protective or safety attire.
  • May travel to and from work sites in a van, car, or truck.

Work Performance

  • Must be very exact in running tests and be sure that they follow the details and complete all tasks. Otherwise, the results of the tests may be useless.
  • Make decisions that impact coworkers and their company on a monthly basis.
  • Make most of their decisions independently, without feedback from a superior.
  • Set most of their daily tasks and goals without feedback from a supervisor.


  • May work 40 hours a week in offices and laboratories.
  • May work overtime when solving problems.
  • May experience competition if researching new products for private companies.
  • May travel to local or regional farms.


Annual Wages


Minnesota: $49,070 to $77,310

Northwest Minnesota: $49,300 to $68,890

Seven County Mpls-St Paul: $42,850 $82,650

Southeast Minnesota: $47,000 to $60,750

Southwest Minnesota: $52,910 to $80,120

United States: $44,420 to $75,620

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Employment and Outlook

The table below provides information about the number of soil and plant scientists in various regions. It also provides information about the expected growth rate and future job openings. Information is not available specifically about agricultural scientists.
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CAREER PROGRAM OF STUDY- Agronomy and Crop Science

Programs in agronomy and crop science teach people the science of raising crops.

Agronomy and crop science programs include topics such as:

  • Horticulture
  • Plant science
  • Pest management
  • Soil preparation
  • Planting and harvesting
  • Water management

In agronomy and crop science programs, students may be able to specialize in crop production.

Community colleges and other 2-year schools offer associate degree programs. An associate degree usually takes two years to complete. After earning an associate degree students can transfer to a college or university for further study.

Many colleges and universities offer bachelor’s degrees in agronomy and crop science. Many programs offer a major in agriculture with a concentration in agronomy. A bachelor's degree usually takes about four years of full-time study.

Several universities offer graduate degrees in agronomy and crop science. A master’s degree typically requires two years of study beyond a bachelor’s degree. Doctoral (PhD) degree programs usually require two or more years of study beyond the master’s degree.

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You can prepare for this program by taking courses in high school that prepare you for college. This typically includes four years of English, three years of math, three years of social studies, and two years of science. Some colleges also require two years of a second language.

Below is a list of high school courses that will help prepare you for this program of study:

  • Agriculture Science
  • Algebra
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Environmental Science
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This program typically includes courses in the following subjects:

  • Agricultural Science
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Crop Science
  • Entomology
  • Fertilizers, Pesticides, and Herbicides
  • Horticulture
  • Hydrology
  • Ornamental Plants
  • Plant Pathology
  • Plant Science
  • Soil Science
  • Statistics
  • Water Resources
  • Weed Science

Graduate study in agronomy and crop sciences typically includes:

  • Required courses
  • Thesis (master’s degree)
  • Preliminary exams (doctoral degree only)
  • Dissertation and dissertation defense (doctoral degree)
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COLLEGE CHOICE- Minnesota State University

Minnesota State University, Mankato

122 Taylor Center

Mankato, MN 56001

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Admissions contact for minority students:

Henry Morris
Dean of Institutional Diversity

Education required for admission

High school education : High school diploma required and GED accepted.

Required high school courses: English 4 yers.; social science 3 years.; foreign lang. 2 years.; science 3 years. (all must have labs); mathematics 3 years.; world culture or the arts 1 year., history 1 year.

Application requirements

Online application available: http://www.mnsu.edu/prospective/readytoapply.html

Application fee: $20

Application fee waived: http://www.mnsu.edu/admissions/firstyear/application/firstye

Submit these items:

Application: Required for all students

College transcript: Required for some students

High school GPA: In the absence of a high school rank, GPA will be considered.

High school transcript or GED certificate: Required for all students

Letters of recommendation: None for those who meet admission requirements; 3 for those who choose to appeal on contract admission, required for some students

Written essay or personal statement: Required for some students

Other application materials: Personal statement, required for some students

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Annual costs for full-time undergraduate students
(Costs are for the 2014-2015 academic year. Full-time costs are based on 30 semester credits per year.)

In-state tuition: $7,574

Out-of-state tuition: $17,811

Fees: Included in tuition above

Books and supplies: $500-$900

Other required expenses: $2,052

Explanation of required expenses: Miscellaneous/other expenses:http://www.mnsu.edu/campushub/programs/coa/1112/undergradonc

Room and board (live on campus): $7,368 for room & board per academic year (average double room) for 2012-2013.

Room and board costs may vary by housing facility and number of meals in meal plan

Cost information
website: http://www.mnsu.edu/campushub/tuition_fees/

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Applying for financial aid

Submit these forms: FAFSA/SAR

Application deadline (for fall term): March 15

Letters about aid sent to applicants: Beginning mid-April

Financial aid awarded to undergraduates (2013-2014)

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Who received financial aid?

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Financial aid programs at this university:

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Campus housing

Percentage of students who live on campus: 25%

School owns or operates housing: Yes

Highest year that students are required to live on campus: Not required

Housing availability for first year students: Priority for housing

Housing options: Yes, 5 residence hall complexes-room & board or room only or board only

Housing is available for students with disabilities: Yes

Dorms require a key or code to enter: Yes, after hours and on weekends

Housing application deadline: None, housing available on a rolling basis

Application deposit: $250, $200 refundable by July 1

Off-campus housing

Fraternities or sororities offer housing: Yes

Campus housing for graduate students

School owns or operates housing for: Single graduate students

Housing availability for single graduate students: First come, first served

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