Brave New World

A Dystopia By: Victoria Langstine

"Every one belongs to every one else" (Chapter 3 Huxley)

This quote is used multiple time throughout the book, and is said by many people. In Chapter 3 of Brave New World, Fanny and Lenina both agree with each other that "every one belongs to every one else." They are talking about the fact that Lenina has been seeing Henry Foster for almost four months without seeing anyone else, although she is beginning to look at Bernard Marx. Mustapha Mond also says this in Chapter 3 when explaining to the kids visiting the Hatchery and Conditioning Centre that there usedto be a world where there was "family, monogomy, and romance." This is a quote that the people of this dystopian society live by. It raises the ethical question of whether what they are doing as a society not naturally producing children is right. There is no family or monogomy in this society, and there is no love and passion. Each person can go out and sleep with who they'd like when they like and not be scolded for it.

Dystopian Paragraphs

Dystopia: a society or place where imperfection is extreme. Huxley makes his point very clear in Brave New World of the contemporary issues presented throughout the novel; Test-tube babies, the absence of family and monogamy, the lack of action against a ruling elite, the lack of emotion, and the rise of technology, are a few examples. How, one might ask, does the society we live in today shown signs of being or becomming a dystopian society? Well, some characteristics can be seen today.

The most prominent characteristic of a dystopian society seen today is technology. Years ago, television series and children dreamed and imagined a futuristic society of cell phones, tablets, facetiming, and hovercrafts. Even though technology has not progressed so far to the creation of hovercrafts, the technology of today was considered way beyond reach perhaps 50 years ago. Technology has consumed the lives of many in our society. There are kids in elemetary school with cell phones and ipads that run faster than computers, and almost all work is done through computers and advanced machinery (CBSNews). Factories have become more efficient at the cost of real life humans' jobs. Soon enough, our society could be one of robots completing work for us as we just sit around and play disc golf such as the men in Brave New World. Technology in another sense would be the idea of GMOs and test-tube babies. People in our society have already used these advancing technologies like "Octo-mom," a woman who had a fertility doctor implant 12 embryos and ended up having 8 children. Many people disagree with the choices people such as the "Octo-mom" make. Technology and advances in science are good things, but as people of one society, we should be ready to draw a line at where technology is going too far. This becomes problematic because drawing a definite line is difficult when not everyon agrees where it should go. One more piece of evidence to show that we don't live in a perfect "utopian" society.

In Brave New World, it is seen that they have a different kind of "religion" that they follow. The idea of Henry Ford being the god-like figure is something that readers migtht be taken back by. Although religion is still an extremely prominent characteristic in society, some believe that Americans are becomming more and more distanced from religion. One in five Americans now have no religious affiliation (Kaleem). Tradition is in a way slowly dying from our society. Connected with religion, morals are changing with younger generations as we see many people not marrying and having children or laws of marriage evolving, especially with the recent years' debates over gay marriage. Evolution in society today is clearly seen. Perhaps society is feeling as if it can depend on itself rather than a god. Many turn to God to comfort for the unknown, and with advances in science and other knowledge, some are coming to a realization that there is something to explain the many things that society once thought unknown. Therefore, some may be turning to science rather than the belief in a god. Perhaps many don't see this as a characteristic of a dystopian society, but it is always changing, and it's almost about perspective.

Today worldwide, there are also issues such as war, disease, poverty, and many more. In Brave New World, there are no such things existing in the "civilized societies." There are countries who don't have opportunity to improve the conditions its people are living in, and there's crime and war all throughout the world. If today's society was anything like a Utopia, people wouldn't even know what these things were. Wars in the middle east with hundreds dying, terrorism, third-world countries unable to find food, clean water, or a life without life-threatening diseases.

Society has made many advances in the fields of science and technology and can be commended for that, however, these technological advances can negatively affect our society. Many can argue that society is a dystopia, and many would agree. People are turning away from religion to science, and issues such as war, illness, and death, will always be present. Society is a dystopia, and can arguably not be a utopia.

Muse - Uprising

Uprsising - Muse

Uprising by Muse would fit well as a theme for Brave New World, especially from the point of view of John Savage and partly Bernard. The first thing that really pops out from the lyrics is the line, "They'll try to push drugs to keep us all dumbed down, and hope we'll never see the truth around." This perfectly and directly relates to the use of "Soma" in Brave New World. The people of Civilized London use soma to make themselves "happy" or as others may consider it numb. When something goes wrong in this "utopia," they all turn to soma, and even Mond states that soma is a drug to turn to when things go wrong. Now the chorus is where John Savage comes in. The chorus says, "They wil not force us; they will stop degrading us; they will not control us; we will be victorious. John Savage is the one who finally decides he's had enough of the government in this "civilized" city. He even tries to rebel by throwing soma out the window in front of Deltas to try and make them understand and snap out of it. Of all the characters in the novel, he is the only one who truly tries to do something. One more line relates to the novel. It states, "If you could, flick the switch and open your third eye, you'd see that we shouldn never be afraid to die." This line could be tied to the scene where Bernard and Lenina go out on a date, and Bernard takes her to the sea and simply hovers over admiring the beauty, but Lenina finds such beauty horrifying. She only wishes to get away as soon as possible and return to watch disc golf or take holiday from it all. Bernard only asked her to try and look and see something different, like what he sees; to be free. "
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Shakespeare Investigation

In Chapter 17 of Brave New World, John Savage and Mustapha Mond are going back and forth about God and Soma and the reasons why they believe what they believe. John Savage, a fan of William Shakespeare, recites a few lines from Hamlet, specifically one of the most famous speeches of all time; the To Be Or Not To Be soliloquy."The Savage nodded, frowning. 'You got rid of them. Yes, that's just like you. Getting rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it. Whether 'tis nobler in mind to suffer the slings and arrows of an outragrous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them...But you don't do either. Niether suffer nor oppose. You just abolish the slings and arrows. It's too easy.'" When Hamlet makes this speech, he's contemplating death. He talks about whether or not it is worth it to fight against life's hardships, or to simply kill himself. Tough decision either way considering that he knows not of what comes after death. Savage's point is that Mond takes no hard way out. He simply chooses not to suffer and gets rid of it all. They aren't able to learn to deal with hardships because they simply don't have any. They got rid of anything that could possibly ever cause pain or discomfort. It was the perfect quote to describe the fact that they aren't participating in human suffering which in Hamlet's speech is a natural thing. ("...the thousand natural shocks to which flesh is heir to.") Almost as if the people in civilized London aren't living naturally.

GMOs

A debate has recently broken out within the last ten years over the use of GMOs. GMOs are genetically modified organisms. GMOs were introduced to food supply in the mid-1990s, and are present in most of the foods we consume today in the US (Institute for Responsible Technology). The debate has two sides; one claiming that they are immoral and dangerous to use, and the other that thinks they are more beneficial and not harmful for people to consume. Genetically modified organisms should be allowed to be used because they can be used to society's advantage by yielding large amount of crops and economically benefitting not only developed countries, but developing countries, also.

With the population of the world rapidly growing, ensuring an adequate food supply is something people worry about, and the use of GMOs can help ensure that we meet the needs of the large consuming population (Whitman). GMOs are pest resistant, disease resistant, and have herbicide, cold, and drought tolerance. Although one may look at these benefits and say it's not enough to overturn the immorality of "playing God," (Phillips) they may not understand the advantages GMOs are giving humanity. Currently, there are over 40 plants FDA approved for commercialization in the US (Whitman). Some examples are soy, cotton, corn, and foods such as breakfast cereals and vegetable oils have some percentage of GMOs in them (Whitman). GMOs may be more common than anyone ever thought. With the help of GMOs, crops are largely yielded and can be grown in conditions that naturally they wouldn't be able to. Why else would Americans be able to buy a perfect tomato in the middle of the winter? With the ability to slightly change the conditions under which plants grow, whether it be the season they're grown in or the fact that they can keep away bugs, the agriculture industry is seriously benefitting from it. Farmers before would have to go through a time-consuming process of spraying herbicides over their crops, which also causes environmental threats. With GMOs, plants can create their own herbicides without human having to (Whitman). This benefits farmers economically by not having to spend time or money on herbicides.

Scientific research is also trying to use GMOs to improve the issues of malnutrition in impoverished countries that rely on a single food item (Whitman). If nutrients could be put into rice, for example, then nutrient deficiencies could be reduced, and perhaps plants could be grown in the harsh conditions they wouldn't be allowed to grow before GMOs.

With the science of GMOs advancing so rapidly, and many people questioning its morality and benefits and safety to society, the debate about whether GMOs should be marked on packaging is also another factor. Should consumers be able to know what they're consuming? Of course, however the FDA states that "genetically modified foods are substantially equivalent to unmodified, 'natural,' foods, and are therefore not subject to FDA regulation" (Whitman). Many disagree with this statement and it makes sense because of the possible risks that many people fear concerning GMOs. GMOs should remain in use, however they should also be marked so people have the option to not consume them if they choose.

GMOs are currently being used in the US, and so far they have not affected people so negatively that they should not be used. GMOs are beneficial to the agriculture industry and for scientific research.

Dystopian Hero in Today's World

Imagine John Savage in today's society. What would he think? Compared to the civilized London that he was introduced to in Brave New World, the Savage would probably not think to terribly of how people live today. People are free to do what they want, think what they want, and experience what they want; of course within limits of the government. John would thouroughly enjoy the freedom to read literature and believe in a god that allows society to believe in the old as well as the new progress. There will always be issues in society that people will want to fix, and that would include John Savage. Savage would probably warn many people in today's society of messing with the genetics of people. (GMPs) He saw first hand what messing with genetics can do, given it was exaggerated in Brave New World, however, he understands the dark road that technological advances can take. He would also probably be disappointed at the number of people who don't take sexual activites and families and marriage seriously. It's seen in Brave New World that John is very moral, and he would most likely try to promote the existence and goodness in families and morals, etc.

Wednesday, April 23rd, 2pm

68 Prince St

John Savage loves to read literature, specifically Shakespeare. The Savage would create an event to come together with many authors and guests to discuss the importance of Shakespeare's literature and watch many of his plays. It would be located in Shakespeare Tavern in the UK because that is where they could watch his plays and is closer to where Shakespeare is from. It would be on April 23 due to the fact that they would be honoring Shakespeare and that's his birthday. They would be able to analyze and enjoy the literature that the Savage so dearly loves.