Nuclear Power is Our Foe

By: Olivia White and Ally Childers

Nuclear power

Nuclear power is produced by human supervision of nuclear reactions. The components of nuclear reactors are: fuel[uranium], moderator, control rods, coolant, pressure vessel/tube, steam generator, containment. Nuclear power is produced through nuclear fission, which is the process of splitting an atom in two, and nuclear fusion, which is the process of multiple atomic particles joining together to create a larger atom.

Cons About Nuclear Power

1. Nuclear power results in toxic waste. The radiation in it vastly pollutes the earth and cause deformities in humans and animals. It pollutes water and kills creatures that are living in it. The United States power plants produce a yearly 2000 metric tons of radioactive waste. Radioactive wastes take almost 10,000 year to return to the original form.
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This piglet was born deformed because of the effect of radioactive fallout from the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. The disaster from the use of nuclear power is still effective today.
2. Once nuclear power is used it is very hard to contain and dispose of. It never fully goes away.
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This is the damaged Chernobyl nuclear reactor which is still radioactive and dangerous because there is nowhere for the radiation to go.
3. Nuclear power risks are inevitable. Nuclear power plant accidents can never be 100% avoidable.
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This picture is of the Chernobyl accident that wasn't able to be prevented.
4. Nuclear power can result in health problems. It can increase cancer rate, thyroid problems, and birth defects. Five decades after Hiroshima and Nagasaki children are still born with defects.
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A patient, show above, is suffering from cancer due to a nuclear power plant accident.
5. Nuclear power is very costly. Most developing countries can't afford this alternative energy source.
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This is a picture in Darlington where it has been decided that when the risks are considered nuclear power would be too costly.
6. Nuclear power plants cause national security problems. They are target points for terrorists and if there is an attack on the plants they will cause major damage. A little slack in security can be lethal and brutal for humans as well as our planet.
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Turkey's nuclear energy plans focus on nuclear security especially physical threats.
7. Uranium is a very scarce resource which is only found in a few countries. In order to build a nuclear power plant you must have the permission of several international authorities.
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This picture is of the building of a wall around a nuclear power plant showing how much work goes into actually using nuclear energy.
8. Nuclear energy is a nonrenewable resource and is also scarce. When we run out of it there is nothing that we can do.
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The picture above is an uranium mine in Moab (Utah, USA).
9. Nuclear reactors have an expiration date. After a certain amount of time the reactors have to be dismantled and rebuilt. Not only do they take a long time to build and cost a lot but you have to pay attention to their expiration dates and build them all over again. About 80 nuclear reactors will have to be rebuilt during the next ten years.
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The picture above is of a nuclear reactor during decommissioning in the USA.
10. There are a number of restrictions on the imports and exports on nuclear technology and fuels.
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The picture above shows a nuclear fuel container that is used for transportation.

Examples of Mishaps

Chalk river-December 12, 1952: large amounts of cooling water was contaminated with radioactive waste

Mayak Plutonium Facility-September 29, 1957: 270,000 people exposed to radiation; 14,000 miles exposed to radiation

Windscale Nuclear Power Plant-October 10, 1957: fire for a day and radiation never fully gone

Chernobyl-April 26, 1986: children still are born with defects; there is much radiation sill there

Quotes



  • “Expanding nuclear power is not a sound strategy for diversifying America's energy portfolio and reducing global warming pollution.”-Natural Resources Defense Council
  • “Every dollar spent on nuclear is one less dollar spent on clean renewable energy and one more dollar spent on making the world a comparatively dirtier and a more dangerous place, because nuclear power and nuclear weapons.”- Mark Z. Jacobson
  • “Nuclear power plants must be prepared to withstand everything from earthquakes to tsunamis, from fires to floods to acts of terrorism.”-Ban Ki-moon
  • “A pound invested in energy efficiency buys seven times more energy than a pound invested in nuclear power.”-Zac Goldsmith
  • “If our nation wants to reduce global warming, air pollution and energy instability, we should invest only in the best energy options. Nuclear energy isn’t one of them.”-Mark Z. Jacobson
  • “Nuclear power is a dangerous energy source that creates more problems than it solves. Switching from dirty coal plants to dangerous nuclear power is like giving up smoking cigarettes and taking up crack.”-Dan Becker

Citations


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