Morquio Syndrome

"Small, but powerful"

What is it?

Morquio Syndrome is a rare inherited birth defect. In children with Morquio syndrome, the body cannot break down sugar chains called glycosaminoglycans that help build bone, cartilage, eye corneas, skin and connective tissue. There are two types of Morquio syndrome: Type A - which an enzyme called galactosamine-6-sulfate is missing. Type B - in which there isn’t enough of the enzyme beta-galactosidase. It’s also a progressive disease, meaning symptoms get worse as the child grows. Some of the symptoms for Morquio syndrome are: Abnormal bones, spine development, bell-shaped chest, widely spaced teeth, possible heart and visions problems, knock knees, flat bridged nose. Those are just a couple out of the many there are. Morquio syndrome sometimes starts showing at birth as leg deformities, joint conditions, narrow chest, and skeletal dysplasia. If it does not show up at birth right away, it will progress as the child gets older and if it is not caught right away there is a great chance of death. Morquio syndrome is an autosomal recessive trait, which means both parents must carry the gene that causes Morquio for a child to have the disorder. If both parents carry a non working copy of a gene related to this condition, each of their children have a 25% chance of developing this disease. This syndrome is treated in many ways. The condition can affect several body systems, so there are different treatments such as: non-surgical or surgical treatments, and monitoring. Is it estimated to occur in every 1 out of 200,000 births.

Sarah Van Orden's story

Her name is Sarah Van Orden. As of now, she is 17 years old. She has one of the rarest forms of Dwarfism, or also known as Morquio syndrome. When she was 2 ½, her family took her to the doctor because her knees kept on giving out and were kind of crooked. They received the bad news that she had Type 2 Morquio syndrome. This is the rarest type of Morquio syndrome. It is so rare that Sarah became colorblind. By age 4, she had her first surgery on her knees to get rid of her knock knees. During the next couple of years, she had 3 more surgeries on her knees and 1 on her hip. A couple months passed and she finally learned how to cope with her disease. Her doctor thought that she would be paralyzed for the rest of her life, but thanks to her physical therapists, she is now walking!

A cure for the incurable.

Enchroma glasses is a pair of what look like sunglasses that help the colorblind see color. They look just like normal sunglasses, but they have a lot of power. EnChroma lenses look like ordinary tinted lenses, but when you look through them something amazing happens: your experience of color vision is fundamentally transformed. Colors appear more vibrant, saturated, full, and yet without compromising the accuracy or color balance of the scene. Colorful objects, such as flowers, colorful paint and fabrics, food, and traffic signs suddenly “pop” with a heightened purity and intensity. There are different types of Enchroma glasses to match your "style", because not everybody wants to be the same. These glasses are a 2016 original. There are only 5 people in the world as of right now using Enchroma glasses.

Bibliography

Works Cited

"Morquio Syndrome: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.

"Morquio Syndrome." N.p., n.d. Web.

"MORQUIOSITY." MORQUIOSITY. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.
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