France

By Nikki Coryell, Period 6, 5-5-15

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Geography

France is one of Europe's largest countries with an area of more than 210,000 square miles. France shares boundaries with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Andorra, and Spain.

Climate

France has three major climates: Oceanic, Mediterranean, and continental. The French climate is generally moderate. The northwest receives moderate rainfall, with an average of 35 inches per year, while in the southeast, rain is heavy in the fall. The average temperature in France around the summer time is the mid 70 degrees Fahrenheit range. The best time to visit France is in the spring when there is a lower amount of rainfall and temperatures a moderate.
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Culture

French is the most common language in France, but France has many minorities representing different groups, and there are different languages spoken by different groups. There are many Latin-based languages from Roman times that are still spoken in France, for example, Occitan which is spoken is southern France. The Corsican dialect that is used on the island of Corsica evolved from Latin in the Middle Ages. Basque is also a popular language using in the western Pyrenees.


There are many different religions in France, Roman Catholicism is the most common, but there are also many Protestants in the country. Also, France has the largest Jewish population in Europe.


The people in France celebrate many important holidays. Some people celebrate traditional holidays like Easter, Christmas, All Saints' Day. In France, they also celebrate some holidays that are special to their country and Europe. One of these holidays that they celebrate is Bastille Day on July 14th. Bastille day is in honor of the storming of Bastille on the 14th of July 1789. On this day, there is a military parade, along with fireworks and dancing.


Artistic creativity is very highly valued in France. French authors have won more than a dozen Nobel prizes for literature which is more than any other country. Painting is a vital art form in France, and the impressionist movement was extremely important to the French history and the development of art. (Britannica, 2015)

France Did you know? - France - French Business Culture video

Sightseeing Activities

Tourism is extremely important to France's industry, and France is one of the most visited countries in the world. The capital, Paris, is home to the Eiffel Tower. Also located in France are the Cathedral of Notre Dame, the Louvre museum, and many more important places. The Eiffel Tower was built around 1888 and 1889 and was built by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. (Britannica, 2011). You can hold social events, business meetings, and many other activities at the tower. The Cathedral of Notre Dame is also located in Paris, and was built between 1163, and 1250. This cathedral is one of the world's greatest examples of Gothic architecture. (Hennessey, 2015). Finally, the Louvre Museum is the national museum and art gallery of France. The museum sits on land that was a military for built by Philip II, and did not actually open as a public museum until 1793. The Louvre is home to one of the best paint collections in the world, and contains many masterpieces from all periods of European art. (Britannica, 2011).

Current Information

France is one of the world's major economic powers. At first, industry and agriculture dominated the economy, but recently, services have become the leading source of jobs and income.


The currency in France is the Euro, and one Euro is equal to $1.10 in the United States of America.


The French government is a republic, and the current Constitution is Fifth Republic. France has an elected president, currently Francois Hollande. The President elects a prime minister which is currently Manuel Valls. Finally, the French parliament is made up of two chambers, or houses.


Some important crops in France include corn in the southwest, wheat in the lowlands, and grapes in the south and southwest which help make France a major wine producer. (Britannica, 2011)

Food

One of France's most famous foods is the Éclair. The Éclair was invented by Marie Antonin Careme, who was a well known French chef at the beginning of the 19th century. An Éclair is a hollow pastry that is filled with cream, and has a coat of chocolate on top.


Recipe:


  • 3 egg yolks
  • 4 tablespoons sugar
  • 2 tablespoons flour
  • 2 tablespoons corn starch
  • 1 1/4 cups whole milk
  • 1/4 teaspoon vanilla
  • ¼ cup butter
  • ½ cup water
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 medium eggs
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 1 tablespoon water
  • 2 ounces chocolate chips
  • 1/4 cup whipped cream

  • 1. mix 3 egg yolks, 4 tbs sugar, 2 tbs flour, 2 tbs corn starch, 1 1/4 cup milk, 1/4 cup vanilla and put mixture in to bake for 15 minutes to make the pastry

    2. melt the chocolate and add whipped cream for to chocolate sauce.

    3. combine the butter, water, salt, flour, and 2 eggs for the filling, and put the filling in the pastry when they are finished baking.

    4. pour the chocolate sauce on top

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    Transportation and Lodging

    To get from O'hare airport in Chicago to Charles de Gualle airport in Paris takes about 9 hours non-stop. Our flight leaves at 3:10 pm on May 5th, and will land at approximately 6:45 am on May 6th, and we will be departing from Paris on May 12th. The total cost of the round trip airfare is $1,588.70. You will be staying in the Hotel Ares Eiffel in Paris. It costs about 198 euros a night for a room with one double bed, and a beautiful view of the Eiffel Tower. While in Paris, you will be visiting many famous places. First, on May 6th you will be visiting the Eiffel Tower, which will cost about 14 euros. On May 7th, you will visit the Louvre museum, which costs 9 euros. On May 8th, you will be visiting the Cathedral of Notre Dame for 3 euros. On May 9th, you will be exploring the streets of Paris, and doing some shopping, with a budget of 50 euros. On May 10th, you will be having a classic French dinner for about 60 euros. On May 11th, you will be going on a final tour of Paris. Finally, on May 12th, you will be relaxing in your hotel until your flight back to Chicago. Your total cost not including hotel and airfare will be about 136 euros, which is about 152 US dollars.

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    Citations

    Works Cited

    "Chocolate Eclairs." Eugenie Kitchen. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2015. <http://eugeniekitchen.com/eclairs/>.

    "Eiffel Tower." Britannica. N.p.: Britannica, 2011. N. pag. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000321651>.

    "France." Britannica. N.p.: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. N. pag. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 27 Apr. 2015. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000321922>.

    "French Eclair." Craftsy. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2015. <http://www.craftsy.com/blog/2014/03/french-eclairs/>.

    Hennessey, William J. "Cathedral of Notre Dame." World Book. Chicago: Worldbook, n.d. N. pag. World Book Student. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://classic.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar395760&st=cathedral+of+notre+dame>.

    "History of Crepes." Monique's Crepes. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2015. <http://www.moniquescrepes.com/a-brief-history-of-crepes/>.

    "Louvre Museum." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p.: n.p., 2011. N. pag. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000336428>.

    The official website of France. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.france.fr/en/celebrations-and-festivals/french-holidays-and-traditions.html>.

    "A Short Guide to the Institutions of Power in France." About France. About France, 2003. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://about-france.com/political-system.htm>.