Fightin' Words

The French and Indian War, Taxation, and the Reaction

1. Why was Great Britain seen as one of the most powerful nations in the world after their victory in the French and Indian War?

Viewpoints: The Proclamation of 1763

Use the following links and Proclamation Line map to complete the group activity. See teacher for details.

Effects of the French and Indian War

2. How did North America land claims change between 1754 and 1763?
3. In your opinion, what could have caused these changes?
4. How will the expansion of British territories impact the future of the Colonies?

5. How do the colonists respond to the Proclamation of 1763?

6. What is the connection between the French and Indian and pre-American Revolution events?

French and Indian War Changes Fate of America

No Taxation Without Representation

A series of taxes were imposed on the colonists by the British Parliament in order to pay for debt incurred during the French and Indian War. The crown also needed to pay for troops stationed both in the 13 colonies and the West Indies. These taxes were passed without first consulting the colonists. This didn't go over well.
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British taxes on the colonies:

First, research the Proclamation of 1763, Tea Act, Stamp Act, Quartering Act, and Intolerable Acts. Research data should include the date, a summary of each event, and the key individuals involved in each event.

Using this information, and information that you learned about the Proclamation of 1763, you will create a foldable for organization and review. See teacher for details.

What's your problem?

7. Considering the fact that the colonists were still British citizens, and British citizens living in Great Britain paid taxes, was King George III justified in placing taxes upon the American colonists? Justify your answer with evidence?

The Boston Massacre

Causes of the American Revolution Unit - Boston Massacre (Story of Us)

What's happening?

8. Who are the individuals involved?
9. What is happening in this clip?

10. What might happen as other colonists find out about Boston Massacre?
11. How will the news of the Massacre reach the citizens of the 13 Colonies?

Propaganda and Civil Disobedience

Propaganda: Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.

Civil Disobedience: Refusal to obey a law which you believe to be unjust.

"Join or Die" (1754) By: Benjamin Franklin

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17. Was Franklin's cartoon propaganda? Why or why not?

Party Over Here!

The Boston Tea Party:
17. What is happening in this clip?
18. What is going to happen as others find out about Boston Tea Party?

19. How will the King react?

20. Is this an example of civil disobedience, or would you consider this an act of violence? Why or why not?

Civil Disobedience or Violence

Take a look at the two images below. Decide if they are examples of civil disobedience or violence.

Image #1: "The Bostonian's Paying the Excise Man" By: Robert Sayer and John Bennett (1774)

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Image #2: "The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor" By: Sarony & Major for Currier and Ives (1846)
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Who's side are you on?

Loyalists: Colonists who remained loyal to the Crown.

Patriots: Colonists who sought independence from England.

Which side do you think that you would have chosen? Consider the risks involved with opposing the greatest power in the world and the potential loss of everything that you have worked for.

Who is this guy?

William Franklin was a loyalist. His famous father helped him gain a position in New Jersey working for the king. When the colonies neared revolution against the crown his father asked him to become a patriot like himself. William chose to remain loyal to England. After the Revolution, William was imprisoned for 2 years and disowned by his father. They never patched things up. Who do you think William's father was?

In their shoes.

As a colonist, write a letter to King George. The letter should address the effects of the King’s taxes and laws in regards to the colonies. Your letter should provide specific details and examples of these effects. These effects could include the inability to move West (Proclamation of 1763), lack of privacy and invasions of homes (Quartering Act), excessive taxes (Stamp and Tea), and the restrictions of local governments (Intolerable Acts) as well as the lack of representation in Parliament (no taxation without representation). The letter should be written in proper letter format and contain accurate historical facts.