# 5th Grade December Newsletter

### Standards

__English Language Arts__

5.RL.5 Explain the overall structure of a text: how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits into the overall work.

5.RL.9 Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

Language Standards

5.L.3 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

__Science__

5.L4U3.11 Obtain, evaluate, and communicate evidence about how natural and human - caused changes to habitats or climate can impact populations.

5.L4U3.12 Construc t an argument based on evidence that inherited characteristics can be affected by behavior and/or environmental conditions.

5.E2U1.8 Obtain, analyze, and communicate evidence to support an explanation that the gravitational force of Earth on objects is directed toward the planet’s center.

5.P2U1.3 Construct an explanation using evidence to demonstrate that objects can affect other objects even when they are not touching.

5.P3U1.4 Obtain, analyze, and communicate evidence of the effects that balanced and unbalanced forces have on the motion of objects.

5.P3U2.5 Define problems and design solutions pertaining to force and motion.

5.P4U1.6 Analyze and interpret data to determine how and where energy is transferred when objects move.

__Math__

5.NF.B.4Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.

5.NF.B.7Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general, by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. But division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.

5.NF.B.7.aInterpret division of a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number, and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for (1/3) ÷ 4, and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that (1/3) ÷ 4 = 1/12 because (1/12) × 4 = 1/3.

5.NF.B.7.bInterpret division of a whole number by a unit fraction, and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for 4 ÷ (1/5), and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that 4 ÷ (1/5) = 20 because 20 × (1/5) = 4.

5.NF.AUse equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.

5.NF.A.1Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators.

5.NF.A.2Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers.

__Social Studies__

5.G.1.1 Use and construct maps and graphs to represent changes in the United States. ▪ Key concepts include but are not limited to physical and human features of the United States, the regions of the United States and their characteristics, geographic location of major events, the growth of the United States through territorial expansion, demographic changes, and the states and their capitals.

5.SP4.1 Explain probable causes and effects of events and developments in United States history from the revolutionary period to the rise of industry and urbanization. ▪ Events include but are not limited to the American Revolution, Constitutional Convention, Civil War, Reconstruction, westward expansion, industrialism, and urbanization

5.SP4.2 Use evidence to develop a claim about the past.

5.SP4.3 Summarize the central claim in a secondary source

__Writing__

5.W.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. a. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose. b. Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details. c. Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically). d. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

5.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)

### Important Dates

- December is Human Rights Month
- 12/2-STAR BASE Barnes Class
- 12/5- International Volunteer Day
- 12/5 Holiday Store Shop at school
- 12/6 All day Planning Day
- 12/5-8- Computer Science Education Week
- 12/8- STAR BASE Barnes
- 12/9- Students of the Month Celebration 2:30 PM
- 12/20- Winter Program 5 PM
- 12/23-1/6/23 Winter Break No School