Stonewall and the LGBT Movement

Brynn Johnson, Katelynne Marsan

Reasons for the Movement

Homosexuality was prohibited in public in New York and all gay establishments were prevented from operating. In 1969, a group of gay people went to the Stonewall Inn, a popular gay bar, and a riot broke out. People were upset about the police brutality that had been occurring towards them. The first night, several people arrived, yelling and throwing objects at police. Eventually, reinforcements arrived, beating back the crowd. The next night, the protesters returned, again met by police forcing them to disperse. For the next several days, several riots and demonstrations occurred throughout the city.
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Successes of the Movement


-The American Psychological Association removes homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses

-Public acceptance of gay rights rose steadily following this movement

-Huey Newton of the Black Panther Party openly supports gay rights in1970

- Companies such as AT&T and IBM adopted policies of non-discrimination

-40 towns issue laws or executive orders prohibiting discrimination

-22 states end ban on homosexual relationships

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Key people and organizations


In the 1960s and 1970s, the first large scale LGBT demonstrations began. Dick Leitsch, the president of the New York Mattachime society, lead the first staged public homosexual demonstrations and picket lines in the 60s. The Homophile Youth Movement in Neighborhoods, led by activist Craig Rodwell, spread the slogans 'Gay Power' and 'Gay is Good' among the American public. In 1965, Adrian Ravakrowr and Billy Garrison founded an LGBT youth organization called Vanguard. They did demonstrations and picketed small businesses that did not support them. In 1969, Leo Lawrence, editor of the 'Vector,' called for the Homosexual Revolution of 1969, encouraging the masses to come out publicly.

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Events:

~Police officers infiltrated the Black Cat Tavern and arrested several patrons for kissing, creating a riot that was shut down by a squad of armed police officers.

~A woman ordered coffee at a diner and was refused service due to her sexuality, so she smashed their sugar container and police were called on scene. That night a riot broke out and more armed police were called in to appease it.

~Stonewall Riots involved three to five thousand LGBT rights advocates and were a series of political marches in both New York City and Los Angeles.

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Status Today:

Homosexuality in the United States is legal, as is gay marriage in all 50 states. The military now admits LGBTs and more people come out and embrace their sexualities as their freedoms increase. However, conflict is caused by those who oppose LGBT rights, often among religious and non religious individuals.
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The Dawn Of Gay Rights - 1970
1960s Anti-Gay Lecture For Children