Reformation Learning goals

1. Identify corrupt practices and key events that weakened the Catholic Church

  1. Selling of indulgences: selling of forgiveness of sins. People thought you could buy your way out of sins.
  2. Spiritual leaders of breaking vows
  3. Simony: selling offices of leadership positions
  4. Charging pilgrims to see holy objects
  5. Taxes to church



Key events





  1. Questioning of religion and the popes authority
  2. The great schism: division of the church. Many people claimed to be the pope. Less respect of the papacy



All Christians in Western Europe were catholic before the reformation.


Why was the Catholic Church weakening


  1. Humanism, secular thinking, worldliness
  2. Questioning the belief of the church
  3. Corruption
  4. Charging pilgrims to see holy objects
  5. Paying taxes to the church

2. Describe the ideas of early reformers

Martin Luther


  • Fought the church against false teachings such as the selling of indulgences
  • Believed you were saved by faith and not good deeds
  • Posted the 95 theses


Jan Hus



  • Priest
  • Burned at stake




John Wycliffe



  • Challenged the church right of money
  • Attacked the popes authority in worldliness and abusive of the church
  • Translated Bible to English. So everyone could read it

3. Identify factors that contributed to the spread of Protestant ideas throughout Europe


Lutheranism


  • Salvation through faith
  • Music was important
  • Clergy free to marry
  • Music was important
  • Families were important


Calvinism

  • Strict rules about dancing,playing and singing
  • Theocracy, church and state united
  • Sin is a crime
  • Valued simplicity
  • Christian names from bible


Anglican

  • Believed in justification and faith alone
  • Humanism
  • Monarch was head of the church
  • People had to respect king and queen

How it spread across Europe

  • Printing press: multiple copies, 95 theses copied and eventually seen by pope
  • Bible translation: John Wycliffe translated to English and Martin Luther translated it when he was in captivity