Frankenstein Chapter 15

Taylor Kennedy

Chapter Summary

Chapter 15 recounts the events leading to, and following Frankenstein's monster's discovery of the wretchedness of his creation. The monster's feeling of solitude and loneliness is intensified, as he learns to read after finding some books in the woods. These books provided him with a sense of human nature, apart from that which he had learned from the cottagers. After learning to read, he studied the papers he had found in the pocket of the clothes he had taken from Victor. In these papers, he found the truth behind his birth. His feeling of exclusion inflamed, he decided to introduce himself to the cottagers in hopes of gaining friends and making his sadness subside. After the monster was accepted by blind De Lacey, the other three returned to the cottage and were horrified by the monster's appearance and drove him away.

Characters

Frankenstein's Monster: In this chapter, the monster grows more knowledgable, both about his surrounding world and himself. These discoveries lead to growing anger at his creator and at the world for not accepting him, despite his appearance.


De Lacey: De Lacy's character is developed in this chapter, as he begins to befriend Frankenstein. This shows that he relates with his sense of loneliness, as he is blind, poor, and in exile. His character advances the idea that human's judge based off of appearance.


The Three Young Cottager's (Felix, Agatha, and Safie): The three cottager's are characterized throughout the novel as gentle, pure creatures doused in goodness. Their reaction to the monster shows that human nature pushes even the kindest to pre-judge.

Themes

Human Injustice Towards Outsiders:


"'They are kind -- they are the most excellent creatures in the world; but unfortunately, they are prejudiced against me. I have good dispositions; my life has been hitherto harmless and in some degree beneficial; but a fatal prejudice clouds their eyes, and where they ought to see a feeling and kind friend, they behold only a detestable monster,'" ( Shelley 95).


Chapter 15 demonstrates human injustice in the prejudice and cruelty expressed toward the monster. He details his dealings with and opinions of humans, which is proved to be true moments later with the arrival and reaction of the cottagers. Their immediate judgment of the monster shows that human nature leads people to judge others based on outward appearance.


Dreams and Imagination:


"'I can hardly describe to you the effect of these books. They produced in me an infinity of new images and feelings, that sometimes raised me to ecstasy, but more frequently sunk me into the lowest dejection,'" ( Shelley 91).


The books the monster reads, being works of imagination, introduced him to a new sense of human nature of of the world. They lead him to dream, wonder, and make connections to his own life. This lead to a growing desire to be accepted into the world he had read about.

Literary Techniques

Allusions:


"Satan had his companions, fellow-devils, to admire and encourage him; but I am solitary and abhorred," (Shelley 93).


After reading Paradise Lost, he becomes acquainted with the stories in the Bible, leading to many future Biblical references.


Metaphor:


"'Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition; for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me,'" (Shelley 92).



The Biblical references are most often used to compare the monster's life to that of Satan, which gives us more of a sense of what the monster feels about himself.


Imagery:


"'One day, when the sun shone on the red leaves that strewed the ground...'" (Shelley 94).


The visual imagery used before the monster decides to introduce himself to the blind man is used to establish the mood. The sun is seen as a symbol of hope for the monster as he ventures into the human world.

Quotes and Developments

"'As yet I looked upon crime as a distant evil; benevolence and generosity were ever present before me, inciting within me a desire to become an actor in a busy scene where so many admirable qualities were called forth and displayed,'" (Shelley 90).


The monster's wish to enter the world and live amongst humans without fear of prejudice grew immensely within this chapter. It continued to grow until he was rejected by even the kindest people.



"'Like Adam, I was apparently united by no link to any other being in existence...'" (Shelley 92).


With the growth of the monster's knowledge came a newfound sense of his own despair. As he read, he made connections to the books, which furthered his realization of how out of place he was in the world and of his own state of loneliness.



"'Accursed creator! Why did you form a monster so hideous that even you turned against me in disgust?'" (Shelley 93).


After reading the pages from Frankenstein's journal, the monster became even more distressed, as he became aware of his origin and of his creator's true feelings toward him. This heightened his determination to seek revenge on Frankenstein later on.



"'...overcome by pain and anguish, I quitted the cottage, and escaped unperceived to my hovel,'" (Shelley 97).


His experience with the cottagers lead Frankenstein to detest both himself, and humans even more. They were his final hope of fitting into the real world, and after their rejection, he was truly alone. This lead to his actions against the human world later on. This also developed the theme of human injustice further, as the only people who could have possibly accepted the monster detested him.

Sources

Black Jesus And Satan Related Keywords & Suggestions - Black Jesus And Satan Long Tail

Keywords. (2016). Keyword-suggestions.com. Retrieved 19 September 2016


Book Review... Mary Shelley, “Frankenstein” (1831 edition). (2016). Word-Hoard. Retrieved 19 September 2016


ENVIRONMENT IN PERSPECTIVE: HOW SOCIETY IS CONTROLLED BY OUR SURROUNDINGS (2016). Slideplayer.com. Retrieved 19 September 2016


Frankenstein: The Most Misread Novel?. (2012). Interesting Literature. Retrieved 19 September 2016


Shelley, M. (1996). Frankenstein. Charlottesville, Va.: University of Virginia Library.