Wonderful Wind!!

By: Kelsey Tinker-Palaia

Definition Of Wind

Wind is air in motion, moving from one place to another.

What Causes Wind

Wind is caused by differences in the atmospheric pressure. It's also caused by the uneven heating of earth.

Definition Of Local Winds

Local winds are winds that blow over short distances. And the picture below is a diagram of how the air pressure and the heat acts.
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Description Of How Local Winds Are Created

Small-scale convection currents arise from uneven heating on a smaller scale. This kind of heating occurs along a coast and in the mountains. Small-scale convection currents cause local winds. Local winds blow over a much smaller area and change direction and speed over a shorter period of time than global winds. Local winds are created by uneven heating in a small area.

Description Of How Sea Breezes Blow

During the day, the sun heats up both the ocean surface and the land. Water is a good absorber of the energy from the sun. The land absorbs much of the sun’s energy as well. However, water heats up much more slowly than land and so the air above the land will be warmer compared to the air over the ocean. The warm air over the land will rise throughout the day, causing low pressure at the surface. Over the water, high surface pressure will form because of the colder air. To compensate, the air will sink over the ocean. The wind will blow from the higher pressure over the water to lower pressure over the land causing the sea breeze.

Description Of How Land Breezes Blow

At night, the roles reverse. The air over the ocean is now warmer than the air over the land. The land loses heat quickly after the sun goes down and the air above it cools too. This can be compared to a blacktop road. During the day, the blacktop road heats up and becomes very hot to walk on. At night, however, the blacktop has given up the added heat and is cool to the touch. The ocean, however, is able to hold onto this heat after the sun sets and not lose it as easily. This causes the low surface pressure to shift to over the ocean during the night and the high surface pressure to move over the land. This causes a small temperature gradient between the ocean surface and the nearby land at night and the wind will blow from the land to the ocean creating the land breeze. Down below you'll find a two pictures, one of a sea breeze and one of a land breeze.

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Definition Of Global Winds

Global winds are different winds around the world.

Description On How Global Winds Are Created

Global winds are created by the uneven heating in a large area. Like the high and low air pressure. The equator receives the Sun's direct rays. Here, air is heated and rises, leaving low pressure areas behind. Moving to about thirty degrees north and south of the equator, the warm air from the equator begins to cool and sink. Between thirty degrees latitude and the equator, most of the cooling sinking air moves back to the equator. The rest of the air flows toward the poles. The large convection currents also have a part in moving the global winds. The wind in the current flows down and meets at the doldrums.


The doldrums is an area of calm weather. The trade winds coming from the south and the north meet near the equator. These converging trade winds produce general upward winds as they are heated, so there are no steady surface winds.

Trade Winds

The trade winds are just air movements toward the equator. They are warm, steady breezes that blow almost continuously. The Coriolis Effect makes the trade winds appear to be curving to the west, whether they are traveling to the equator from the south or north.

Prevailing Westerlies

Between thirty and sixty degrees latitude, the winds that move toward the poles appear to curve to the east. Because winds are named from the direction in which they originate, these winds are called prevailing westerlies. Prevailing westerlies in the Northern Hemisphere are responsible for many of the weather movements across the United States and Canada.

Jet Streams

The jet stream is a fast flowing, river of air found in the atmosphere at around 12 km above the surface of the Earth just under the tropopause. They form at the boundaries of adjacent air masses with significant differences in temperature, such as of the polar region and the warmer air to the south. Because of the effect of the Earth's rotation the streams flow west to east, propagating in a serpentine or wave-like manner at lower speeds than that of the actual wind within the flow.
Energy 101: Wind Power

The Video Above Is A Cool Video About Wind Energy