Fracking and Mining

By Kylie Konar

fracting

Fracking is when process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well. Up to 600 chemicals are used in fracking fluid, sometimes the fluid seeps into the ground around the site and contaminating ground water. Only 30-50% of the fracturing fluid is recovered, the rest of the toxic fluid is left in the ground and is not biodegradable. The waste fluid is left in open air pits to evaporate, releasing harmful VOC’s (volatile organic compounds) into the atmosphere, creating contaminated air, acid rain, and ground level ozone. At the price of numerous environmental, safety, and health concerns.

Surface Mining- Causes more environmental disturbance

Subsurface Mining- Less Environmental disturbance by being underground