By: Hannah Keen


Efforts to improve the well-being of humankind, generally through giving money.


1880's political movement favoring nationalizing banks and railroads to protect farms and rural towns from the private power and corruption of big corporations.

Andrew Carnegie

A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.

Tin Pan Valley

Given name to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's.


A legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate.

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

1890; Passed to prevent Monopolies.

Gold Standard

A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold.

Upton Sinclair

A Muckraker who shocked the nation when he published "The Jungle", revealing gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.

Ida B. Wells

African-American journalist who led the fight against lynching.

Henry Cabot Lodge

A United States Senator who encouraged America to expand in order to economically compete with other countries.

Alfred Thayer Mahan

US Admiral who encouraged the US to strengthen its naval power to become a world power.

Sanford B. Dole

American businessman who became president of the new government of Hawaii after the queen was pushed out.

Federal Reserve Act

A 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply.

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine, banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food, and the mislabeling of food and drugs.


A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term has expired.

Social Gospel

Late 1800s; Early 1900s movement which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation, taught that religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization.

Charles Carroll

Signer of the Declaration of Independence who showed patriotism at the time of the Revolutionary War helping to pave the way for a greater acceptance of Catholics in the new nation.

Alvin York

A Tennessee-born soldier whose action in the Argonne Forest made him an American hero, killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom.


A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.

Battle of Argonne Forest

Turning Point of WWI.