# Joseph Rogers Primary School

## The Fundamental 5

I will be sending a newsletter for the next 5 weeks as I am going to be sharing about a book I have been reading entitled The Fundamental 5: The Formula for Quality Instruction. The whole premise of this book is what makes quality instruction in your classroom. Some of these may be things that you do EVERY DAY, but you may not realize the impact that these practices have on students. This is NOT a program, just five best practices that are key for teaching and learning in any classroom. This book is very short and a quick read, but with tons of great ideas to support The Fundamental 5.

There are five critical practices that are at the core of highly effective instruction.

1. Frame the Lesson
2. Work in the Power Zone
3. Frequent, Small-Group, Purposeful Talk about the Learning
4. Recognize and Reinforce
5. Write Critically

Simply put, Framing the Lesson is the beginning and end of the lesson. The first part is the learning objective and what the student will learn today. The second part is the closing question, product, or task. This clearly states how the student will demonstrate the understanding of the learning objective of the day.

Stating the learning objective must be a DELIBERATE act on the part of the teacher and it must be in student friendly language. One interesting thing this book said was to write the learning objective statement together and then post in prominently in the classroom so it is visible and legible from anywhere in the classroom. This way both the student and teacher can refer back to the objective throughout the lesson. It is so important that students are able to see and know what the goal is in any lesson. This should be done for every lesson that you teach.

A properly constructed lesson frame has 2 parts and when crafted correctly improves the rigor of the lesson.

The statement should be both simple and direct.

Example

Objective: We will learn how to identify triangles and squares (kid friendly and concise)

Closing: I will write down how triangles and squares are different

a different closing

I will explain to my group some ways that triangles and squares are used in my home.

Framing the lesson helps students to focus on and filter what is important information in the lesson and what information is just a mental filler. This in turn has students that are more focused on the critical learning for the day and keeps both teachers and students focused and grounded in the original intent of the lesson.

A great analogy for a lesson frame is that a great lesson frame is like an Oreo Cookie.

One cookie is the concrete, student friendly, learning objective.

The yummy, creamy filling is the great instruction that brings it all together

Without the 3 one does not have an Oreo Cookie

How simple is this concept, and if you have purposeful learning objectives and closings for every lesson, every day, you have increased the rigor of your teaching and have purposeful instruction.

Hope all your lessons are just like an Oreo Cookie (which happens to be my favorite packaged cookie!),

Lori

## fun times at jrp

January 11 - report cards go home

January 14 - Food Service Appreciation Day

January 18 - no school

January 21 - faculty meeting

January 24-30 - School Board Appreciation Week

## thought

Give people high-fives just for getting out of bed. Being a person is hard sometimes.

-kid president

As you know, I LOVE kid president! This just made me laugh this week, especially after a two week vacation. Give your colleagues high-fives this week. I promise it will make their day!