James Madison Jr.
4th President (1809-1817)
Vice President: George Clinton
Born in Belle Grove Plantation near Port Conway Virginia on March 16, 1751.
Madison's parents (Nelly and James Sr.) had 12 kids (8 boys, 4 girls).
Madison credits his desire to learn and succeed to Donald Robertson (His paid tutor on the plantation).
- Went to Princeton University.
- Served in the Virginia state legislature (1776-1779).
- Was elected to the U.S. House of Representative in 1789 & 1790.
- Known as "the father" of the Bill of Rights.
- Passed a bill to charter a second national bank which was essential for the war against Britain. -Success
- Lead the nation into the war of 1812 which he regrets later in his term. - Failure
- Madison orders Andrew Jackson (Military Commander) to protect Indian land. Jackson disobeyed.
- Signed Macon's Bill no.2 which allowed French and English goods to be traded. - Success
- Helped establish the Democratic-Republican Party - Success
- Last act before leaving office: vetoed the bonus bill of 1817 which would have financed the construction of roads bridges and canals. - Undecided