A Parent's Guide
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)
The format of the tutoring session will be as follows:
Warm Up/Assessment (5 minutes)
DIBELS Phoneme Segmentation Fluency:
The DIBELS Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF) measure is a standardized, individually administered test of phonological awareness (Kaminski & Good, 1996). The PSF measure assesses a student's ability to segment three- and four phoneme words into their individual phonemes fluently. Phonemes are distinct units of sound in a specified language that distinguish one word from another.
EasyCBM Word Reading Fluency:
Reading Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. Students are shown one side of a single piece of paper on which a series of words are written in a chart format. As the student reads from left to right and top to bottom, the words increase in difficulty. The assessment allows the tutor to measure the students progress in reading.
Word Practice (20 minutes)
Mondo Bonus Lessons:
- Build, write, and read words with short vowel sounds.
- Read six sight words (high-frequency words that typically cannot be "sounded out").
- Read three sentences with decodable words (words that can be "sounded out") and sight words.
Stop and Go Game:
- A game in which students are asked to make the sound that is shown to them on a flashcard.
- Once students have identified enough sounds, they are then asked to make a word.
Other Word Practice Activities
Reading (25 minutes)
The format is as follows:
- Before reading: Tutor previews book (reads the title, identifies author(s) and illustrator(s), has the student make predictions based on the cover and/or illustrations) and reviews important vocabulary.
- During reading: Tutor reads text with expression, stopping to: ask for/confirm predictions, ask questions, prompt for connections, reference print, and review key vocabulary.
- After reading: Tutor helps student construct a retell of the text and make connections to what was read.
Text-related activity: The tutor engages the tutee in a text-related activity before, during, or after reading. This activity can consist of a word sort, sequencing events, writing, or other activities to engage the student.
Interactive read-aloud example:
Word sort explanation:
Parents guide to the interactive read-aloud:
Writing (10 minutes)
Developing good writing skills can strengthen vocabulary, comprehension, and spelling skills. The tutor can instruct the student to write one or two sentences in their own handwriting regarding the story. The tutor may also choose to do other activities as well, such as writing worksheets.
Writing worksheet sample:
DIBELS phoneme segmentation fluency. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2015, from https://dibels.uoregon.edu/assessment/dibels/measures/psf.php
Genishi, C. (n.d.). Young Children's Oral Language Development. Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/young-childrens-oral-language-development
Kaminski, R. A., & Good, R. H. (1996). Toward a technology for assessing basic early literacy skills. School Psychology Review, 25, 215-227.
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/helping/target/phonologicalphonemic
Reading Fluency. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2015, from http://www.readingrockets.org/helping/target/fluency
Stop and Go Directions for Literacy Acquisition I Practicum. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.zaption.com/tours/54b4454378109a891e60e311
Tips for Teaching Your Child About Phonemes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/tips-teaching-your-child-about-phonemes
Training on administration and scoring: Word weading. (n.d.). Retrieved December 4, 2015, from http://training.easycbm.com/training.php?taskid=4