Police officer

Jacob Freeman

Job description

All of the police officers work for the city or the city or the municipal police departments. They have many jobs to enforce jobs, preserve peace, protect life and property, they investigate crimes, and apprehend lawbreakers. At the very bottom of the police ranks is the uniform patrol officer. They perform patrol duty in the jurisdiction of the police department. All of these officer are assigned beats, in which they check to make sure people and businesses are safe. Most of the cops patrol there beats in police cars. While on there beats they also enforce traffic laws. For instance, patrol officers look for motorists who drive over the speed limits, or they look for people who run through red lights and stop signs. The violators that are stopped by the officers are issued warnings or tickets.

Salary range

The salary range for starting out is $27,000 and you can make up to $68,000.
The sheriff patrol officers makes a earning salary of $56,130. on the lowest of 10% earned $32,670 or less a year. On the highest percent they average $90,700 or more annually. The police defectives or criminal investigators make a salary of $76,730 a year with as low as $40,110 or less with as high as $125,320 based on location.

Employment Prospects

Many cops that are bilingual officers are in high demand. The newly recruited officers have to pass a special training program. After the training they do they are placed on a probation period that usually last from three to six months. In many small towns or communities they may get his/her training experience very easily.

Educational Requirements

the lowest level of education requirements is the normal high school diploma. If new cops that are pursuing the career of police officer, they need to take classes like psychology, sociology, English, law, U.S Government, Mathematics, chemistry and physics would also be helpful. The easy chance to get a advance in rank is to go to college for some post secondary education. Most departments now require one to two more years of college course work, in most cases they require more for specialized areas of work. In most departments they require a two year degree to make the lieutenant spot. To get the captain spot you have to have a bachelors degree. In big cities like New York or Chicago they require at least sixty college credits with at least a 2.0 GPA or two years experience.

Here are some Schools that offer these Courses...
  • The University of Maryland
School address- 2220 Le Frank hall, college park, MD 20742
School phone number- 301-405-4699
Web link to school- http://www.ccjs.umd.edu/Graduate/

Major- Criminology
  • Michigan State University
School Address- 560 Baker Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
School Phone number- (517) 355-2197
Web Link to School- http://www.cj.msu.edu/
Major- Criminology

Advancement Prospects

There are many advancements in the police ranks system....
  • Police officer 1
  • Police officer 2
  • Deputy Chief of Police
  • Chief of Police

Special Skills/Traits Required

Special Requirements
They must be firearm qualified and free of felony convictions, they need to pass a background check, they need to pass a drug/mental test. Must be a U.S citizen and be 21 years old. They cant have the health problems that could interfere with the job they are doing.

Advice for somone considering this field

  • "Continue your education and the development of you police skills. Be open and flexible, think and grow. Develop a life and friends outside of police – it will keep you sane. I would also add what my first training officer told me: “Remember, Couper, everything that was illegal and wrong before you put on a badge will still be illegal and wrong.”
-David Couper, former Chief of Police of the Madison Police Department (retired) and author of the book Arrested Development.
  • "Stay out of the rumor mill. Do what is expected of you and a little more. Consistent improvement, support of organizational goals, and positive interact with coworkers and the public is what I’m looking for".
    -Lynn Nelson, Cache County Sheriff in Utah
  • "I would suggest to young adults that education is very important and being truthful in every way and always be positive. I have been a Gang Detective for many years and was told in my early career that if you “ask a question during your investigation, and you don’t have the answer for it, your investigation is not complete”.
    -Gene Ballance, Vice President of the Virginia Gang Investigators Association

Uniqueness about Law Enforcement

  • The 1920s were the deadliest decade in law enforcement history, when a total of 2,417 officers died, or an average of almost 241 each year. The deadliest year in law enforcement history was 1930, when 301 officers were killed. That figure dropped dramatically in the 1990s, to an average of 162 per year.
  • The deadliest day in law enforcement history was September 11, 2001, when 72 officers were killed while responding to the terrorist attacks on America.
  • New York City has lost more officers in the line of duty than any other department, with 701 deaths. Texas has lost 1,695 officers, more than any other state. The state with the fewest deaths is Vermont, with 22.
  • A total of 1,466 law enforcement officers died in the line of duty during the past 10 years, an average of one death every 60 hours or 146 per year. There were 117 law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty in 2014.