Marine Ecosystems

Open-Oceans

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General Description

It’s the largest biome in the world, covering 70% of the Earth. The deep sea comprises 80% of all the habitats on earth, which makes it the largest habitat on the planet. Over 1 million plants and animals have been discovered in the ocean. The deepest point in the ocean, The Mariana Trench, is 36,200 feet tall which is taller than Mt. Everest.

Ocean Temperature

Surface - 62.6 degrees F

Deep Ocean - 32 degrees F

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Ocean Precipitation

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Ocean Soil Composition

The ocean "soil" is sand which carries no nutrients.Plants such as algae can survive but they don’t stay on the ocean floor. Coral does stay on the ocean floor but only where sunlight is visible.