Nepal Earthquake Disaster, 2015

About the earthquake:



The Nepal earthquake 2015, popularly known as Gorkha earthquake, occurred on 25 April. Its epicenter was east of the district of Lamjung, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 15 km (9.3 mi). It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake.

I killed more than 8,800 people and injured more than 23,000.

An earthquake of magnitude 7.3 on Richter scale rocked Nepal, with its epicenter in east of Kathmandu. The quake had occurred around 12:30 pm with a depth of 10 km. Entire North and East India felt the tremors.

The causes of earthquake

The reason is the regular movement of the fault line that runs along Nepal’s southern border, where the Indian subcontinent collided with the Eurasia plate 40 million to 50 million years ago. As the plates push against each other, friction generates stress and energy that builds until the crust ruptures.

The convergence rate between the plates in central Nepal is about 45 mm (1.8 in) per year. The location, magnitude, and focal mechanism of the earthquake suggest that it was caused by a slip along the Main Frontal Thrust.

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Casualties:

The earthquake killed more than 8,800 people and injured more than 23,000. The rural death toll may have been lower than it would have been as the villagers were outdoors, working when the quake hit. As of 15 May, 6,271 people, including 1,700 from the 12 May aftershock, were still receiving treatment for their injuries. More than 450,000 peoplewere displaced.

The earthquake triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, killing at least 19, making it the deadliest day on the mountain in history. It triggered another huge avalanche in the Langtang valley, where 250 people were reported missing.

Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened, many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Rescue and Relief work.

MAny countries around the world helped Nepal to recover from the earthquake by donating funds, food, medicines and immediate need items. Many countries also About 90 percent of soldiers from the Nepalese Army were sent to the stricken areas in the aftermath of the earthquake under Operation Sankat Mochan, with volunteers mobilized from other parts of the country. India was the first to send in aid, with supplies starting within hours of the quake. Also, UAE donated $1.36 million, Medical and food supplies (purchased from India) and 88 search and rescue staff.

Around 5 million tonnes of food and $20 billion were donated.

IF an Earth quake strikes in your area.....

When an earthquake srtikes,

Know the Risks and Get Prepared

During an earthquake:

If you are indoors: “DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON”

  • Stay inside.
  • Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture.
  • Cover your head and torso to prevent being hit by falling objects.
  • Hold on to the object that you are under so that you remain covered. Be prepared to move with the object until the shaking has finished.
  • If you can't get under something strong, or if you are in a hallway, flatten yourself or crouch against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms.

If you are outdoors:

  • Stay outside.
  • Go to an open area away from buildings. The most dangerous place is near exterior walls.
  • If you are in a crowded public place, take cover where you won't be trampled.
  • Park your car in a safe place and get out of it.