First Aid for Children
CHECK FOR RESPONSIVENESS
- Tap the shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?”
- For an infant, you may flick the bottom of the foot.
- whether there's a response or not, immediately call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
- if you both are alone give two minutes of care before calling 9-1-1
OPEN THE AIRWAY and CHECK FOR BREATHING
- Tilt head back slightly, lift chin
- check breathing for only 10 seconds: gasps are not breathing, but Infants have periodic breathing, so changes in breathing pattern are normal for infants
IF CHILD ISN'T BREATHING: GIVE 2 RESCUE BREATHS
- Tilt the head back and lift the chin up.
- Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over child’s mouth.
- Infant: Make complete seal over infant’s mouth and nose.
- Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise.
- Give rescue breaths, one after the other
- Use disposable gloves and other personal protective equipment whenever giving care.
- Obtain consent from parent or guardian, if present.
- If you witnessed the child or infant suddenly collapse, skip rescue breaths and start CPR.
- If the chest does not rise with rescue breaths, re-tilt the head and give another rescue breath.