First Aid for Children

Instructions

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CHECK FOR RESPONSIVENESS

  • Tap the shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?”
  • For an infant, you may flick the bottom of the foot.

CALL 9-1-1

  • whether there's a response or not, immediately call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
  • if you both are alone give two minutes of care before calling 9-1-1
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OPEN THE AIRWAY and CHECK FOR BREATHING

  • Tilt head back slightly, lift chin
  • check breathing for only 10 seconds: gasps are not breathing, but Infants have periodic breathing, so changes in breathing pattern are normal for infants

IF CHILD ISN'T BREATHING: GIVE 2 RESCUE BREATHS

  • Tilt the head back and lift the chin up.
  • Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over child’s mouth.
  • Infant: Make complete seal over infant’s mouth and nose.
  • Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise.
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other
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Extra Tips

  • Use disposable gloves and other personal protective equipment whenever giving care.
  • Obtain consent from parent or guardian, if present.
  • If you witnessed the child or infant suddenly collapse, skip rescue breaths and start CPR.
  • If the chest does not rise with rescue breaths, re-tilt the head and give another rescue breath.