Cubism was one of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in Paris between 1907 and 1914. The French art critic Louis Vauxcelles coined the term Cubism after seeing the landscapes Braque had painted in 1908 at L'Estaque in emulation of Cézanne. Picasso's ground-breaking Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (Museum of Modern Art, New York), painted in 1907, came from African art. Picasso had first seen African art when, in May or June 1907, when he visited a museum.
The Cubist painters rejected the concept that art should copy nature, or that they should adopt the traditional techniques of perspective, modeling, and foreshortening. They wanted instead to show a flat surface. So they reduced objects into geometric forms, and then realigned these within a shallow space. They also used multiple or contrasting points.
Georges Barque was the other person involved in the movement. He was born May 13 1882. He died August 31 1963. As a kid he trained to be a house decorater and painter like his dad. He was influential to faviousism.
The third person is Piet Mondrian. He was born March 7 1872. Died February 1 1944. He traveled and his work was very simple. Therefore in the cubism movement he was very influential.